Proverbs 30:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
a servant who becomes king, a godless fool who gets plenty to eat,

King James Bible
For a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

Darby Bible Translation
Under a servant when he reigneth, and a churl when he is filled with meat;

World English Bible
For a servant when he is king; a fool when he is filled with food;

Young's Literal Translation
For a servant when he reigneth, And a fool when he is satisfied with bread,

Proverbs 30:22 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

For three things the earth is disquieted, and for four which it cannot bear - This is another enigma. Four things insupportable to men. 1. A slave, when he becomes ruler. 2. An overfed fool. 3. An ill-tempered woman, when mistress of a family. And, 4. A servant maid, when the rule of the house is committed to her.

1. A slave, when he comes to bear rule, is an unprincipled tyrant. It has been often observed both in America and in the West Indies, when it was judged necessary to arm some of the most confidential slaves, that no regiments were used so cruelly in the drill, etc., as those black regiments that had black officers.

2. The overfed fool. The intellectually weak man, who has every thing at his command, has generally manners which none can bear; and, if a favourite with his master, he is insupportable to all others.

3. An ill-tempered woman, when she gets embarrassed with domestic cares, is beyond bearing.

4. A servant maid, when, either through the death of the mistress, or the sin of the husband, she is in fact exalted to be head over the family, is so insolent and impudent, as to be hateful to every one, and execrated by all.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a servant

Proverbs 19:10 Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

Proverbs 28:3 A poor man that oppresses the poor is like a sweeping rain which leaves no food.

Ecclesiastes 10:7 I have seen servants on horses, and princes walking as servants on the earth.

Isaiah 3:4,5 And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them...

a fool

1 Samuel 25:3,10,11,25,36-38 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding...

1 Samuel 30:16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad on all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing...

Library
A Homily for Humble Folks
A Sermon (No. 2140) delivered on Lord's Day, April 27th, 1890 by C.H. Spurgeon at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. "Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not the understanding of a man."--Proverbs 30:2. Sometimes it is necessary for a speaker to refer to himself, and he may feel it needful to do so in a way peculiar to the occasion. When Elihu addressed himself to Job and the three wise men, he commended himself to them saying, "I am full of matter, the spirit within me constraineth
C.H. Spurgeon—Sermons on Proverbs

The Tenth Commandment
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.' Exod 20: 17. THIS commandment forbids covetousness in general, Thou shalt not covet;' and in particular, Thy neighbour's house, thy neighbour's wife, &c. I. It forbids covetousness in general. Thou shalt not covet.' It is lawful to use the world, yea, and to desire so much of it as may keep us from the temptation
Thomas Watson—The Ten Commandments

A Book for Boys and Girls Or, Temporal Things Spritualized.
by John Bunyan, Licensed and entered according to order. London: Printed for, and sold by, R. Tookey, at his Printing House in St. Christopher's Court, in Threadneedle Street, behind the Royal Exchange, 1701. Advertisement by the Editor. Some degree of mystery hangs over these Divine Emblems for children, and many years' diligent researches have not enabled me completely to solve it. That they were written by Bunyan, there cannot be the slightest doubt. 'Manner and matter, too, are all his own.'[1]
John Bunyan—The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3

Thoughts Upon Worldly Riches. Sect. I.
HE that seriously considers the Constitution of the Christian Religion, observing the Excellency of its Doctrines, the Clearness of its Precepts, the Severity of its Threatnings, together with the Faithfulness of its Promises, and the Certainty of its Principles to trust to; such a one may justly be astonished, and admire what should be the reason that they who profess this not only the most excellent, but only true Religion in the World, should notwithstanding be generally as wicked, debauched and
William Beveridge—Private Thoughts Upon a Christian Life

Cross References
Proverbs 19:10
It is not fitting for a fool to live in luxury-- how much worse for a slave to rule over princes!

Proverbs 30:21
"Under three things the earth trembles, under four it cannot bear up:

Proverbs 30:23
a contemptible woman who gets married, and a servant who displaces her mistress.

Ecclesiastes 10:7
I have seen slaves on horseback, while princes go on foot like slaves.

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