Proverbs 31:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
It is not for kings, Lemuel-- it is not for kings to drink wine, not for rulers to crave beer,

King James Bible
It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink:

Darby Bible Translation
It is not for kings, Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, nor for rulers [to say], Where is the strong drink?

World English Bible
It is not for kings, Lemuel; it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes to say, 'Where is strong drink?'

Young's Literal Translation
Not for kings, O Lemuel, Not for kings, to drink wine, And for princes a desire of strong drink.

Proverbs 31:4 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

It is not for kings - to drink wine - An intemperate man is ill fit to hold the reins of government.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 10:9,10 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest you die...

1 Kings 20:12,16-20 And it came to pass, when Ben-hadad heard this message, as he was drinking, he and the kings in the pavilions...

Esther 3:15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace...

Ecclesiastes 10:17 Blessed are you, O land, when your king is the son of nobles, and your princes eat in due season, for strength...

Isaiah 28:7,8 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way...

Daniel 5:2-4 Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine...

Hosea 4:11,12 Prostitution and wine and new wine take away the heart...

Hosea 7:3-5 They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies...

Habakkuk 2:5 Yes also, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man, neither keeps at home, who enlarges his desire as hell, and is as death...

Mark 6:21-28 And when a convenient day was come, that Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee...

The Gospel Cordial
A Sermon (No. 3236) published on Thursday, February 9th, 1911 delivered by C.H. Spurgeon at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. on Lord's Day Evening, September 20th, 1863. "Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts. Let him drink, and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more."--Proverbs 31:6, 7. These somewhat singular sentences were spoken by the mother of Lemuel to her son, who was probably Solomon. She had already said to him,
C.H. Spurgeon—Sermons on Proverbs

Many specimens of the so-called Wisdom Literature are preserved for us in the book of Proverbs, for its contents are by no means confined to what we call proverbs. The first nine chapters constitute a continuous discourse, almost in the manner of a sermon; and of the last two chapters, ch. xxx. is largely made up of enigmas, and xxxi. is in part a description of the good housewife. All, however, are rightly subsumed under the idea of wisdom, which to the Hebrew had always moral relations. The Hebrew
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
1 Kings 20:12
Ben-Hadad heard this message while he and the kings were drinking in their tents, and he ordered his men: "Prepare to attack." So they prepared to attack the city.

Proverbs 20:1
Wine is a mocker and beer a brawler; whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

Ecclesiastes 10:17
Blessed is the land whose king is of noble birth and whose princes eat at a proper time-- for strength and not for drunkenness.

Isaiah 5:22
Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine and champions at mixing drinks,

Hosea 4:11
to prostitution; old wine and new wine take away their understanding.

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