New International Version
Above all else, guard your heart, for everything you do flows from it.
King James Bible
Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.
Darby Bible Translation
Keep thy heart more than anything that is guarded; for out of it are the issues of life.
World English Bible
Keep your heart with all diligence, for out of it is the wellspring of life.
Young's Literal Translation
Above every charge keep thy heart, For out of it are the outgoings of life.
Proverbs 4:23 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Keep thy heart with all diligence - "Above all keeping," guard thy heart. He who knows any thing of himself, knows how apt his affections are to go astray.
For out of it are the issues of life - תוצאות חיים totseoth chaiyim, "the goings out of lives." Is not this a plain allusion to the arteries which carry the blood from the heart through the whole body, and to the utmost extremities? As long as the heart is capable of receiving and propelling the blood, so long life is continued. Now as the heart is the fountain whence all the streams of life proceed, care must be taken that the fountain be not stopped up nor injured. A double watch for its safety must be kept up. So in spiritual things: the heart is the seat of the Lord of life and glory; and the streams of spiritual life proceed from him to all the powers and faculties of the soul. Watch with all diligence, that this fountain be not sealed up, nor these streams of life be cut off. Therefore "put away from thee a froward mouth and perverse lips - and let thy eyes look straight on." Or, in other words, look inwardlook onward - look upward.
I know that the twenty-third verse is understood as principally referring to the evils which proceed from the heart, and which must be guarded against; and the good purposes that must be formed in it, from which life takes its colouring. The former should be opposed; the latter should be encouraged and strengthened. If the heart be pure and holy, all its purposes will be just and good. If it be impure and defiled, nothing will proceed from it but abomination. But though all this be true, I have preferred following what I believe to be the metaphor in the text.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
with all diligence
LibraryMonotony and Crises
'When thou goest, thy steps shall not be straitened; and when thou runnest, thou shalt not stumble.'--PROVERBS iv. 12. The old metaphor likening life to a path has many felicities in it. It suggests constant change, it suggests continuous progress in one direction, and that all our days are linked together, and are not isolated fragments; and it suggests an aim and an end. So we find it perpetually in this Book of Proverbs. Here the 'way' has a specific designation, 'the way of Wisdom'--that is …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
The Two Paths
Epistle cxx. To Claudius in Spain .
Twenty-Fourth Day. Firmness in Temptation.
You brood of vipers, how can you who are evil say anything good? For the mouth speaks what the heart is full of.
But the things that come out of a person's mouth come from the heart, and these defile them.
For out of the heart come evil thoughts--murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false testimony, slander.
For it is from within, out of a person's heart, that evil thoughts come--sexual immorality, theft, murder,
A good man brings good things out of the good stored up in his heart, and an evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in his heart. For the mouth speaks what the heart is full of.
Only be careful, and watch yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen or let them fade from your heart as long as you live. Teach them to your children and to their children after them.
2 Kings 10:31
Yet Jehu was not careful to keep the law of the LORD, the God of Israel, with all his heart. He did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam, which he had caused Israel to commit.
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