Psalm 129:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Plowmen have plowed my back and made their furrows long.

King James Bible
The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long their furrows.

Darby Bible Translation
The ploughers ploughed upon my back; they made long their furrows.

World English Bible
The plowers plowed on my back. They made their furrows long.

Young's Literal Translation
Over my back have ploughers ploughed, They have made long their furrows.

Psalm 129:3 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The plowers plowed upon my back - It is possible that this mode of expression may signify that the people, during their captivity, were cruelly used by scourging, etc.; or it may be a sort of proverbial mode of expression for the most cruel usage. There really appears here to be a reference to a yoke, as if they had actually been yoked to the plouph, or to some kind of carriages, and been obliged to draw like beasts of burden. In this way St. Jerome understood the passage; and this has the more likelihood, as in the next verse God is represented as cutting them off from these draughts.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the plowers

Psalm 141:7 Our bones are scattered at the grave's mouth, as when one cuts and splits wood on the earth.

Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict you; which have said to your soul, Bow down, that we may go over...

Voluntary Suffering
I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. T hat which often passes amongst men for resolution, and the proof of a noble, courageous spirit, is, in reality, the effect of a weak and little mind. At least, it is chiefly owing to the presence of certain circumstances, which have a greater influence upon the conduct, than any inherent principle. Thus may persons who appear to set death and danger at defiance in the hour
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

Cross References
Deuteronomy 21:4
and lead it down to a valley that has not been plowed or planted and where there is a flowing stream. There in the valley they are to break the heifer's neck.

Psalm 129:2
"they have greatly oppressed me from my youth, but they have not gained the victory over me.

Psalm 129:4
But the LORD is righteous; he has cut me free from the cords of the wicked."

Psalm 141:7
They will say, "As one plows and breaks up the earth, so our bones have been scattered at the mouth of the grave."

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