Psalm 19:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The precepts of the LORD are right, giving joy to the heart. The commands of the LORD are radiant, giving light to the eyes.

King James Bible
The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.

Darby Bible Translation
The precepts of Jehovah are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of Jehovah is pure, enlightening the eyes;

World English Bible
Yahweh's precepts are right, rejoicing the heart. Yahweh's commandment is pure, enlightening the eyes.

Young's Literal Translation
The precepts of Jehovah are upright, Rejoicing the heart, The command of Jehovah is pure, enlightening the eyes,

Psalm 19:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The statutes of the Lord - פקודים pikkudim, from פקד pakad, he visited, cared, took notice of, appointed to a charge. The appointments, or charge delivered by God to man for his regard and observance.

Are right - ישרים yesharim, from ישר yashar, to make straight, smooth, right, upright, opposed to crookedness in mind or conduct; showing what the man should be, both within and without. This is Their character.

Rejoicing the heart - As they show a man what he is to observe and keep in charge, and how he is to please God, and the Divine help he is to receive from the visitations of God, they contribute greatly to the happiness of the upright - they rejoice the heart. This is Their use.

The commandment - מצוה mitsvah, from צוה tsavah, to command, give orders, ordain. What God has ordered man to do, or not to do. What he has commanded, and what he has prohibited.

Is pure - From ברה barah, to clear, cleanse, purify. All God's commandments lead to purity, enjoin purity, and point out that sacrificial offering by which cleansing and purification are acquired. This is Its character.

Enlightening the eyes - Showing men what they should do. and what they should avoid. It is by God's commandments that we see the exceeding sinfulness of sin, and the necessity of redemption, so that we may love the Lord with all our heart, and our neighbor as ourselves. For this is the end of the commandment, and thus to enlighten the eyes is Its use.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

statutes

Psalm 105:45 That they might observe his statutes, and keep his laws. Praise you the LORD.

Psalm 119:12,16,80,171 Blessed are you, O LORD: teach me your statutes...

Genesis 26:5 Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.

Exodus 18:16 When they have a matter, they come to me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God...

Deuteronomy 4:5,6 Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the LORD my God commanded me...

Ezekiel 36:27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and you shall keep my judgments, and do them.

right

Psalm 119:128 Therefore I esteem all your precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way.

Nehemiah 9:13 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them right judgments, and true laws...

rejoicing

Psalm 40:8 I delight to do your will, O my God: yes, your law is within my heart.

Psalm 119:14,24,54,92,121,143 I have rejoiced in the way of your testimonies, as much as in all riches...

Deuteronomy 12:11,12 Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there...

Deuteronomy 16:11,14 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant...

Nehemiah 8:12 And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth...

Isaiah 64:5 You meet him that rejoices and works righteousness, those that remember you in your ways: behold, you are wroth; for we have sinned...

Jeremiah 15:16 Your words were found, and I did eat them; and your word was to me the joy and rejoicing of my heart: for I am called by your name...

Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:

is pure

Psalm 12:6 The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.

Psalm 119:40 Behold, I have longed after your precepts: quicken me in your righteousness.

Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield to them that put their trust in him.

Romans 7:12-14 Why the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good...

enlightening

Psalm 13:3 Consider and hear me, O LORD my God: lighten my eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death;

Psalm 119:98-100,105,130 You through your commandments have made me wiser than my enemies: for they are ever with me...

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

Romans 2:17-20 Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the law, and make your boast of God...

Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. No, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust...

Galatians 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live to God.

Galatians 3:10-13,21 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written...

Library
Secret Faults
'Who can understand his errors? cleanse Thou me from secret faults.' PSALM xix. 12. The contemplation of the 'perfect law, enlightening the eyes,' sends the Psalmist to his knees. He is appalled by his own shortcomings, and feels that, beside all those of which he is aware, there is a region, as yet unilluminated by that law, where evil things nestle and breed. The Jewish ritual drew a broad distinction between inadvertent--whether involuntary or ignorant--and deliberate sins; providing atonement
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Secret Sins
Now, David, having seen God's law, and having praised it in this Psalm, which I have read in your hearing, he is brought, by reflecting on its excellency, to utter this thought, "Who can understand his errors?" and then to offer this prayer, "Cleanse thou me from secret faults." In the Lateran Council of the Church of Rome, a decree was passed that every true believer must confess his sins, all of them, once a year to the priest, and they affixed to it this declaration, that there is no hope of pardon
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 3: 1857

Letter xxii. St. Ambrose in a Letter to his Sister Gives an Account of the Finding Of...
St. Ambrose in a letter to his sister gives an account of the finding of the bodies of SS. Gervasius and Protasius, and of his addresses to the people on that occasion. Preaching from Psalm xix., he allegorically expounded the "heavens" to represent the martyrs and apostles, and the "day" he takes to be their confession. They were humbled by God, and then raised again. He then gives an account of the state in which their bodies were found, and of their translation to the basilica. In another address
St. Ambrose—Works and Letters of St. Ambrose

The Progress of the Gospel
Their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the end of the world. T he heavens declare the glory of God (Psalm 19:1) . The grandeur of the arch over our heads, the number and lustre of the stars, the beauty of the light, the splendour of the sun, the regular succession of day and night, and of the seasons of the year, are such proofs of infinite wisdom and power, that the Scripture attributes to them a voice, a universal language, intelligible to all mankind, accommodated to every capacity.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

Cross References
Psalm 12:6
And the words of the LORD are flawless, like silver purified in a crucible, like gold refined seven times.

Psalm 33:4
For the word of the LORD is right and true; he is faithful in all he does.

Psalm 36:9
For with you is the fountain of life; in your light we see light.

Psalm 119:14
I rejoice in following your statutes as one rejoices in great riches.

Psalm 119:128
and because I consider all your precepts right, I hate every wrong path.

Psalm 119:140
Your promises have been thoroughly tested, and your servant loves them.

Proverbs 6:23
For this command is a lamp, this teaching is a light, and correction and instruction are the way to life,

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