New International Version
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.
King James Bible
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Darby Bible Translation
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies; thou hast anointed my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
World English Bible
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil. My cup runs over.
Young's Literal Translation
Thou arrangest before me a table, Over-against my adversaries, Thou hast anointed with oil my head, My cup is full!
Psalm 23:5 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Thou preparest a table before me - Here the second allegory begins. A magnificent banquet is provided by a most liberal and benevolent host; who has not only the bounty to feed me, but power to protect me; and, though surrounded by enemies, I sit down to this table with confidence, knowing that I shall feast in perfect security. This may refer to the favor God gave the poor captive Israelites in the sight of the Chaldeans who had grievously treated them for seventy years; and whose king, Cyrus, had not only permitted them now to return to their own land, but had also furnished them with every thing requisite for their passage, and for repairing the walls of Jerusalem, and rebuilding the temple of the Lord, where the sacrifices were offered as usual, and the people of God feasted on them.
Thou anointest my head with oil - Perfumed oil was poured on the heads of distinguished guests, when at the feasts of great personages. The woman in the Gospel, who poured the box of ointment of spikenard on the head of our Lord (see Matthew 26:6, Matthew 26:7; Mark 14:8; Luke 7:46), only acted according to the custom of her own country, which the host, who invited our Lord, had shamefully neglected.
My cup runneth over - Thou hast not only given me abundance of food, but hast filled my cup with the best wine.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
thou anointest [heb.] makest fat
LibraryThe Shepherd King of Israel
'The Lord is my shepherd: I shall not want. 2. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: He leadeth me beside the still waters. 3. He restoreth my soul: He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for His name's sake. 4. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me. 5. Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: Thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over. 6. Surely …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
The King of Love My Shepherd Is
The Shepherd and the Fold
You did not put oil on my head, but she has poured perfume on my feet.
LORD, you alone are my portion and my cup; you make my lot secure.
How abundant are the good things that you have stored up for those who fear you, that you bestow in the sight of all, on those who take refuge in you.
Therefore their people turn to them and drink up waters in abundance.
They spoke against God; they said, "Can God really spread a table in the wilderness?
You have exalted my horn like that of a wild ox; fine oils have been poured on me.
wine that gladdens human hearts, oil to make their faces shine, and bread that sustains their hearts.
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