Psalm 72:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
May he defend the afflicted among the people and save the children of the needy; may he crush the oppressor.

King James Bible
He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

Darby Bible Translation
He will do justice to the afflicted of the people; he will save the children of the needy, and will break in pieces the oppressor.

World English Bible
He will judge the poor of the people. He will save the children of the needy, and will break the oppressor in pieces.

Young's Literal Translation
He judgeth the poor of the people, Giveth deliverance to the sons of the needy, And bruiseth the oppressor.

Psalm 72:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The mountains shall bring peace - Perhaps mountains and hills are here taken in their figurative sense, to signify princes and petty governors; and it is a prediction that all governors of provinces and magistrates should administer equal justice in their several departments and jurisdictions; so that universal peace should be preserved, and the people be every where prosperous; for שלום shalom signifies both peace and prosperity, for without the former the latter never existed.

But what is the meaning of "the little hills by righteousness?" Why, it has no meaning: and it has none, because it is a false division of the verse. The word בצדקה bitsedakah, in righteousness, at the end of Psalm 72:3, should begin Psalm 72:4, and then the sense will be plain. Psalm 72:3 : "The mountains and the hills shall bring prosperity to the people." Psalm 72:4 : "In righteousness he shall judge the poor of the people: he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor."

The effects, mentioned in the fourth verse, show that King Solomon should act according to the law of his God; and that all officers, magistrates, and governors, should minister equal rights through every part of the land. The Septuagint has the true division: Αναλαβετω τα ορη ειρηνην τῳ λαῳ σου, και οἱ βουνοι· Εν δικαιοσυνῃ κρινει τους πτωχους του λαου, κ. τ. λ. "The mountains shall bring peace to thy people, and the hills: In righteousness shall he judge the poor of thy people," etc.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He shall judge

Psalm 72:12-14 For he shall deliver the needy when he cries; the poor also, and him that has no helper...

Psalm 109:31 For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.

Isaiah 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth...

Ezekiel 34:15,16 I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, said the Lord GOD...

Zechariah 11:7,11 And I will feed the flock of slaughter, even you, O poor of the flock. And I took to me two staves; the one I called Beauty...

Matthew 11:5 The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up...

break

Psalm 2:9 You shall break them with a rod of iron; you shall dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

Psalm 94:5 They break in pieces your people, O LORD, and afflict your heritage.

Job 19:2 How long will you vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words?

Job 34:24 He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.

Proverbs 20:26 A wise king scatters the wicked, and brings the wheel over them.

Jeremiah 51:20-23 You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break in pieces the nations, and with you will I destroy kingdoms...

the oppressor

Isaiah 9:4 For you have broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.

Isaiah 51:12,13 I, even I, am he that comforts you: who are you, that you should be afraid of a man that shall die...

Daniel 2:34,35 You saw till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image on his feet that were of iron and clay...

Zechariah 9:8-10 And I will encamp about my house because of the army, because of him that passes by, and because of him that returns...

Revelation 18:6-8,20,24 Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double to her double according to her works...

Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he has judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication...

Library
The Eternal Name
It is pleasant, then, to find that there is one thing which is to last for ever. Concerning that one thing we hope to speak to-night, if God will enable me to preach, and you to hear. "His name shall endure for ever." First, the religion sanctified by his name shall endure for ever; secondly, the honor of his name shall endure for ever; and thirdly, the saving, comforting power of his name shall endure for ever. I. First, the religion of the name of Jesus is to endure for ever. When impostors forged
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 1: 1855

Jesus --"All Blessing and all Blest"
THERE are many famous names in human history; but many of them are connected with deeds which have brought no blessing upon mankind. To bless, and to be blessed, is the noblest sort of fame; and yet how few have thought it worth the seeking! Full many a name in the roll of fame has been written there with a finger dipped in blood. It would seem as if men loved those most who have killed the most of them. They call those greatest who have been the greatest cutthroats. They make their greatest illuminations
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 37: 1891

The Millennium in Relation to Sin.
In spite of the fact that Satan will have been removed from the earth, and that Christ reigns in person over it, yet conditions here will not be perfect even in the Millennium. Unregenerate human nature will remain unchanged. Sin will still be present, though much of its outward manifestation will be restrained. Discontent and wickedness will not be eradicated from the hearts of men, but will be kept beneath the surface by means of the Iron Rod. Multitudes will yield to Christ nothing but a "feigned
Arthur W. Pink—The Redeemer's Return

The Millennium in Relation to the World.
The Millennium will be the time, when, instead of Satan being the world's "Prince," the Christ of God shall be its King. The form of His government will be theocratic not democratic--"And the Lord shall be King over all the earth" (Zech. 14:9). The scope or range of His government will be world-wide. All nations will be subject to His rule, and the uttermost parts of the earth shall be possessed by Him. "He shall have dominion from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth. They that
Arthur W. Pink—The Redeemer's Return

Cross References
Psalm 2:9
You will break them with a rod of iron; you will dash them to pieces like pottery."

Psalm 72:12
For he will deliver the needy who cry out, the afflicted who have no one to help.

Proverbs 29:14
If a king judges the poor with fairness, his throne will be established forever.

Isaiah 11:4
but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked.

Isaiah 42:3
A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out. In faithfulness he will bring forth justice;

Jeremiah 22:3
This is what the LORD says: Do what is just and right. Rescue from the hand of the oppressor the one who has been robbed. Do no wrong or violence to the foreigner, the fatherless or the widow, and do not shed innocent blood in this place.

Zechariah 7:10
Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, the foreigner or the poor. Do not plot evil against each other.'

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