Psalm 78:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
How often they rebelled against him in the wilderness and grieved him in the wasteland!

King James Bible
How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!

Darby Bible Translation
How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!

World English Bible
How often they rebelled against him in the wilderness, and grieved him in the desert!

Young's Literal Translation
How often do they provoke Him in the wilderness, Grieve Him in the desolate place?

Psalm 78:40 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

He remembered that they were but flesh - Weak mortals. He took their feeble perishing state always into consideration, and knew how much they needed the whole of their state of probation; and therefore he bore with them to the uttermost. How merciful is God!

A wind that passeth away, and cometh not again - I believe this to be a bad translation and may be productive of error; as if when a man dies his being were ended, and death were an eternal sleep. The original is, רוח הולך ולא ישוב ruach holech velo yashub: and the translation should be, "The spirit goeth away, and it doth not return." The present life is the state of probation; when therefore the flesh - the body, fails, the spirit goeth away into the eternal world, and returneth not hither again. Now God, being full of compassion, spared them, that their salvation might be accomplished before they went into that state where there is no change; where the pure are pure still, and the defiled are defiled still. All the Versions are right; but the polyglot translator of the Syriac, rocho, has falsely put ventus, wind, instead of spiritus, soul or spirit. The Arabic takes away all ambiguity: "He remembered that they were flesh; and a spirit which, when it departs, does not again return." The human being is composed of flesh and spirit, or body and soul; these are easily separated, and, when separated, the body turns to dust, and the spirit returns no more to animate it in a state of probation. Homer has a saying very like that of the psalmist: -

Ανδρος δε ψυχη παλιν ελθειν ουτε ληἱστη,

Ουθ' ἑλετη, επει αρ κεν αμειψεται ἑρκος οδοντων.

IL. ix., ver., 408.

"But the soul of man returns no more;

nor can it be acquired nor caught after it has

passed over the barrier of the teeth."

Pope has scarcely given the passage its genuine meaning: -

"But from our lips the vital spirit fled

Returns no more to wake the silent dead."

And the Ossian-like version of Macpherson is but little better: "But the life of man returns no more; nor acquired nor regained is the soul which once takes its flight on the wind." What has the wind to do with the ἑρκος οδοντων of the Greek poet?

Several similar sayings may be found among the Greek poets; but they all suppose the materiality of the soul.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

how oft

Psalm 78:17 And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in the wilderness.

Psalm 95:8-10 Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness...

Psalm 106:14-33 But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert...

Numbers 14:11 And the LORD said to Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me...

Deuteronomy 9:21,22 And I took your sin, the calf which you had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, and ground it very small...

provoke him. or, rebel against him.

Isaiah 7:13 And he said, Hear you now, O house of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will you weary my God also?

Isaiah 63:10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to the day of redemption.

Hebrews 3:15-17 While it is said, To day if you will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation...

Memory, Hope, and Effort
'That they might set their hope in God, and not forget the works of God, but keep His commandments.'--PSALM lxxviii. 7. In its original application this verse is simply a statement of God's purpose in giving to Israel the Law, and such a history of deliverance. The intention was that all future generations might remember what He had done, and be encouraged by the remembrance to hope in Him for the future; and by both memory and hope, be impelled to the discharge of present duty. So, then, the words
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Fifteenth Day for Schools and Colleges
WHAT TO PRAY.--For Schools and Colleges "As for Me, this is My covenant with them, saith the Lord: My Spirit that is upon thee, and My words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LoThe future of the Church and the world depends, to an extent we little conceive, on the education of the day. The Church may be seeking to evangelise the heathen, and be giving up her own children to secular
Andrew Murray—The Ministry of Intercession

Out of the Deep of Loneliness, Failure, and Disappointment.
My heart is smitten down, and withered like grass. I am even as a sparrow that sitteth alone on the housetop--Ps. cii. 4, 6. My lovers and friends hast Thou put away from me, and hid mine acquaintance out of my sight--Ps. lxxviii. 18. I looked on my right hand, and saw there was no man that would know me. I had no place to flee unto, and no man cared for my soul. I cried unto Thee, O Lord, and said, Thou art my Hope. When my spirit was in heaviness, then Thou knewest my path.--Ps. cxlii. 4, 5.
Charles Kingsley—Out of the Deep

The Good Shepherd: a Farewell Sermon
John 10:27-28 -- "My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. And I give unto them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my hand." It is a common, and I believe, generally speaking, my dear hearers, a true saying, that bad manners beget good laws. Whether this will hold good in every particular, in respect to the affairs of this world, I am persuaded the observation is very pertinent in respect to the things of another: I mean bad manners,
George Whitefield—Selected Sermons of George Whitefield

Cross References
Ephesians 4:30
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

Hebrews 3:16
Who were they who heard and rebelled? Were they not all those Moses led out of Egypt?

Exodus 23:21
Pay attention to him and listen to what he says. Do not rebel against him; he will not forgive your rebellion, since my Name is in him.

Psalm 78:56
But they put God to the test and rebelled against the Most High; they did not keep his statutes.

Psalm 95:8
"Do not harden your hearts as you did at Meribah, as you did that day at Massah in the wilderness,

Psalm 95:9
where your ancestors tested me; they tried me, though they had seen what I did.

Psalm 95:10
For forty years I was angry with that generation; I said, 'They are a people whose hearts go astray, and they have not known my ways.'

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