Psalm 78:49
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He unleashed against them his hot anger, his wrath, indignation and hostility-- a band of destroying angels.

King James Bible
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them.

Darby Bible Translation
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and distress, -- a mission of angels of woes.

World English Bible
He threw on them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, indignation, and trouble, and a band of angels of evil.

Young's Literal Translation
He sendeth on them the fury of His anger, Wrath, and indignation, and distress -- A discharge of evil messengers.

Psalm 78:49 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

By sending evil angels - This is the first mention we have of evil angels. There is no mention of them in the account we have of the plagues of Egypt in the Book of Exodus, and what they were we cannot tell: but by what the psalmist says here of their operations, they were the sorest plague that God had sent; they were marks or the fierceness of his anger, wrath, indignation, and trouble. Some think the destroying angel that slew all the first-born is what is here intended; but this is distinctly mentioned in Psalm 78:61. An angel or messenger may be either animate or inanimate; a disembodied spirit or human being; any thing or being that is an instrument sent of God for the punishment or support of mankind.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

cast

Psalm 11:6 On the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: this shall be the portion of their cup.

Job 20:23 When he is about to fill his belly, God shall cast the fury of his wrath on him, and shall rain it on him while he is eating.

Isaiah 42:25 Therefore he has poured on him the fury of his anger, and the strength of battle: and it has set him on fire round about...

Lamentations 4:11 The LORD has accomplished his fury; he has poured out his fierce anger, and has kindled a fire in Zion...

Zephaniah 3:8 Therefore wait you on me, said the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination is to gather the nations...

Romans 2:8,9 But to them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath...

by sending

1 Kings 22:21,22 And there came forth a spirit, and stood before the LORD, and said, I will persuade him...

Job 1:12 And the LORD said to Satan, Behold, all that he has is in your power; only on himself put not forth your hand...

Job 2:6,7 And the LORD said to Satan, Behold, he is in your hand; but save his life...

Library
Memory, Hope, and Effort
'That they might set their hope in God, and not forget the works of God, but keep His commandments.'--PSALM lxxviii. 7. In its original application this verse is simply a statement of God's purpose in giving to Israel the Law, and such a history of deliverance. The intention was that all future generations might remember what He had done, and be encouraged by the remembrance to hope in Him for the future; and by both memory and hope, be impelled to the discharge of present duty. So, then, the words
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Fifteenth Day for Schools and Colleges
WHAT TO PRAY.--For Schools and Colleges "As for Me, this is My covenant with them, saith the Lord: My Spirit that is upon thee, and My words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LoThe future of the Church and the world depends, to an extent we little conceive, on the education of the day. The Church may be seeking to evangelise the heathen, and be giving up her own children to secular
Andrew Murray—The Ministry of Intercession

Out of the Deep of Loneliness, Failure, and Disappointment.
My heart is smitten down, and withered like grass. I am even as a sparrow that sitteth alone on the housetop--Ps. cii. 4, 6. My lovers and friends hast Thou put away from me, and hid mine acquaintance out of my sight--Ps. lxxviii. 18. I looked on my right hand, and saw there was no man that would know me. I had no place to flee unto, and no man cared for my soul. I cried unto Thee, O Lord, and said, Thou art my Hope. When my spirit was in heaviness, then Thou knewest my path.--Ps. cxlii. 4, 5.
Charles Kingsley—Out of the Deep

The Good Shepherd: a Farewell Sermon
John 10:27-28 -- "My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. And I give unto them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my hand." It is a common, and I believe, generally speaking, my dear hearers, a true saying, that bad manners beget good laws. Whether this will hold good in every particular, in respect to the affairs of this world, I am persuaded the observation is very pertinent in respect to the things of another: I mean bad manners,
George Whitefield—Selected Sermons of George Whitefield

Psalm 78:48
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