New International Version
The men of Ephraim, though armed with bows, turned back on the day of battle;
King James Bible
The children of Ephraim, being armed, and carrying bows, turned back in the day of battle.
Darby Bible Translation
The sons of Ephraim, armed bowmen, turned back in the day of battle.
World English Bible
The children of Ephraim, being armed and carrying bows, turned back in the day of battle.
Young's Literal Translation
Sons of Ephraim -- armed bearers of bow, Have turned in a day of conflict.
Psalm 78:9 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
The children of Ephraim - turned back - This refers to some defeat of the Ephraimites; and some think to that by the men of Gath, mentioned 1 Chronicles 7:21. R. D. Kimchi says this defeat of the Ephraimites was in the desert; and although the story be not mentioned in the law, yet it is written in the Books of the Chronicles, where we read, on the occasion of "Zabad the Ephraimite, and Shuthelah, etc., whom the men of Gath, who were born in the land, slew; and Ephraim their father mourned many days, and his brethren came to comfort him," 1 Chronicles 7:20-22 : but to what defeat of the Ephraimites this refers is not certainly known; probably the Israelites after the division of the two kingdoms are intended.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
the children. Some think this refers to a defeat of the Ephraimites mentioned in
; but it probably refers to the conduct and defeat of the ten tribes of which Ephraim was the head. Nothing is recorded in the history of Israel concerning the cowardice of the Ephraimites, as distinct from that of the other tribes: some therefore think, that the children of Ephraim is put by a figure of speech for the nation in general.
carrying. Heb. throwing forth.
LibraryMemory, Hope, and Effort
'That they might set their hope in God, and not forget the works of God, but keep His commandments.'--PSALM lxxviii. 7. In its original application this verse is simply a statement of God's purpose in giving to Israel the Law, and such a history of deliverance. The intention was that all future generations might remember what He had done, and be encouraged by the remembrance to hope in Him for the future; and by both memory and hope, be impelled to the discharge of present duty. So, then, the words …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Fifteenth Day for Schools and Colleges
Out of the Deep of Loneliness, Failure, and Disappointment.
The Good Shepherd: a Farewell Sermon
and then the Israelites would counterattack. The Benjamites had begun to inflict casualties on the Israelites (about thirty), and they said, "We are defeating them as in the first battle."
1 Chronicles 12:2
they were armed with bows and were able to shoot arrows or to sling stones right-handed or left-handed; they were relatives of Saul from the tribe of Benjamin):
Like their ancestors they were disloyal and faithless, as unreliable as a faulty bow.
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