Psalm 95:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Do not harden your hearts as you did at Meribah, as you did that day at Massah in the wilderness,

King James Bible
Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Darby Bible Translation
Harden not your heart, as at Meribah, as [in] the day of Massah, in the wilderness;

World English Bible
Don't harden your heart, as at Meribah, as in the day of Massah in the wilderness,

Young's Literal Translation
Harden not your heart as in Meribah, As in the day of Massah in the wilderness,

Psalm 95:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

For he is our God - Here is the reason for this service. He has condescended to enter into a covenant with us, and he has taken us for his own; therefore: -

We are the people of his pasture - Or, rather, as the Chaldee, Syriac, Vulgate, and Ethiopic read, "We are his people, and the sheep of the pasture of his hand." We are his own; he feeds and governs us, and his powerful hand protects us.

To-day if ye will hear his voice - To-day-you have no time to lose; to-morrow may be too late. God calls to-day; to-morrow he may be silent. This should commence the eighth verse, as it begins what is supposed to be the part of the priest or prophet who now exhorts the people; as if he had said: Seeing you are in so good a spirit, do not forget your own resolutions, and harden not your hearts, "as your fathers did in Meribah and Massah, in the wilderness;" the same fact and the same names as are mentioned Exodus 17:7; when the people murmured at Rephidim, because they had no water; hence it was called Meribah, contention or provocation, and Massah, temptation.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

harden

Exodus 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and listened not to them; as the LORD had said.

1 Samuel 6:6 Why then do you harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when he had worked wonderfully among them...

Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne...

Acts 19:9 But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spoke evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them...

Romans 2:5 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

Hebrews 12:25 See that you refuse not him that speaks. For if they escaped not who refused him that spoke on earth, much more shall not we escape...

in the

Exodus 17:2,7 Why the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said to them, Why chide you with me...

Numbers 14:11,22,27 And the LORD said to Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me...

Numbers 20:13 This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.

Deuteronomy 1:34,35 And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and swore, saying...

Deuteronomy 6:16 You shall not tempt the LORD your God, as you tempted him in Massah.

Hebrews 3:8,9,15-19 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness...

Jude 1:5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though you once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt...

provocation. Heb. contention

Library
Covenanting According to the Purposes of God.
Since every revealed purpose of God, implying that obedience to his law will be given, is a demand of that obedience, the announcement of his Covenant, as in his sovereignty decreed, claims, not less effectively than an explicit law, the fulfilment of its duties. A representation of a system of things pre-determined in order that the obligations of the Covenant might be discharged; various exhibitions of the Covenant as ordained; and a description of the children of the Covenant as predestinated
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Covenanting a Duty.
The exercise of Covenanting with God is enjoined by Him as the Supreme Moral Governor of all. That his Covenant should be acceded to, by men in every age and condition, is ordained as a law, sanctioned by his high authority,--recorded in his law of perpetual moral obligation on men, as a statute decreed by him, and in virtue of his underived sovereignty, promulgated by his command. "He hath commanded his covenant for ever."[171] The exercise is inculcated according to the will of God, as King and
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Psalms
The piety of the Old Testament Church is reflected with more clearness and variety in the Psalter than in any other book of the Old Testament. It constitutes the response of the Church to the divine demands of prophecy, and, in a less degree, of law; or, rather, it expresses those emotions and aspirations of the universal heart which lie deeper than any formal demand. It is the speech of the soul face to face with God. Its words are as simple and unaffected as human words can be, for it is the genius
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Acts 7:36
He led them out of Egypt and performed wonders and signs in Egypt, at the Red Sea and for forty years in the wilderness.

Hebrews 3:8
do not harden your hearts as you did in the rebellion, during the time of testing in the wilderness,

Exodus 17:2
So they quarreled with Moses and said, "Give us water to drink." Moses replied, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you put the LORD to the test?"

Exodus 17:7
And he called the place Massah and Meribah because the Israelites quarreled and because they tested the LORD saying, "Is the LORD among us or not?"

Numbers 20:13
These were the waters of Meribah, where the Israelites quarreled with the LORD and where he was proved holy among them.

Deuteronomy 6:16
Do not put the LORD your God to the test as you did at Massah.

Psalm 78:40
How often they rebelled against him in the wilderness and grieved him in the wasteland!

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