Psalm 97:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Clouds and thick darkness surround him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

King James Bible
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

Darby Bible Translation
Clouds and darkness are round about him; righteousness and judgment are the foundation of his throne.

World English Bible
Clouds and darkness are around him. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Young's Literal Translation
Cloud and darkness are round about Him, Righteousness and judgment the basis of His throne.

Psalm 97:2 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Clouds and darkness are round about him - It is granted that this is a subject which cannot be comprehended. And why? Because God is infinite; he acts from his own counsels, which are infinite; in reference to ends which are also infinite: therefore, the reasons of his government cannot be comprehended by the feeble, limited powers of man. There must be clouds and darkness - an impenetrable obscurity, round about him; and we can no more comprehend him in what is called aeternitas a parte ante - the eternity that passed before time commenced, than we can in the aeternitas a parte post - the eternity that is to come, when time shall be no more. Yet such a Being cannot but see all things clearly, and do all things well; therefore the psalmist properly asserts: -

Righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne - Righteousness, צדק tsedek, the principle that acts according to justice and equity; that gives to all their due, and ever holds in all things an even balance. And judgment, משפט mishpat, the principle that discerns, orders, directs, and determines every thing according to truth and justice: these form the habitation of his throne; that is, his government and management of the world are according to these; and though we cannot see the springs, the secret counsels, and the times, which this omniscient and almighty

Father must ever have in his own power, yet we may rest assured that all his administration is wise, just, holy, good, and kind. For, although his counsels be inscrutable, and the dispensations of his providence be sometimes apparently unequal, yet righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

In this most sublime description,the psalmist, by the figure termed prosopopoeia, or personification, gives vitality and thought to all the subjects he employs; here, the very throne of God is animated; righteousness and judgment are two intellectual beings who support it. The fire, the lightnings, the earth, the heavens themselves, are all intellectual beings, which either accompany, go before him, or proclaim his majesty.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Psalm 18:11,12 He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies...

Psalm 77:19 Your way is in the sea, and your path in the great waters, and your footsteps are not known.

Exodus 20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

Exodus 24:16-18 And the glory of the LORD stayed on mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days...

Deuteronomy 4:11,12 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire to the middle of heaven, with darkness, clouds...

1 Kings 8:10-12 And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the LORD...

Nahum 1:3 The LORD is slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit the wicked...

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!


Psalm 45:6,7 Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom is a right scepter...

Psalm 89:14 Justice and judgment are the habitation of your throne: mercy and truth shall go before your face.

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loves judgment; you do establish equity, you execute judgment and righteousness in Jacob.

Genesis 18:25 That be far from you to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked...

Hebrews 1:8,9 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom...

habitation. or, establishment

Proverbs 16:12 It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.

August 13. "Clouds and Darkness are Round About Him" (Ps. Xcvii. 2).
"Clouds and darkness are round about Him" (Ps. xcvii. 2). The presence of clouds upon your sky, and trials in your path, is the very best evidence that you are following the pillar of cloud, and walking in the presence of God. They had to enter the cloud before they could behold the glory of the transfiguration, and a little later that same cloud became the chariot to receive the ascending Lord, and it is still waiting as the chariot that will bring His glorious appearing. Still it is true that white
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

We Too are Thine.
"The Lord reigneth; let the earth rejoice."--Psalm 97:1. "Herr, unser Gott, mit Ehrfurcht dienen." [68]G. Tersteegen. transl., Sarah Findlater, 1858 Lord our God, in reverence lowly, The hosts of heaven call Thee "holy." From cherubim and seraphim, From angel phalanx, far extending, In fuller tones is still ascending The "holy, holy," of their hymn. The fount of joy Thou art, Ever filling every heart, Ever! ever! We too are Thine, and with them sing, "Thou, Lord, and only Thou art King." Lord,
Jane Borthwick—Hymns from the Land of Luther

Being Made Archbishop of Armagh, He Suffers Many Troubles. Peace Being Made, from Being Archbishop of Armagh He Becomes Bishop of Down.
[Sidenote: 1129] 19. (12). Meanwhile[365] it happened that Archbishop Cellach[366] fell sick: he it was who ordained Malachy deacon, presbyter and bishop: and knowing that he was dying he made a sort of testament[367] to the effect that Malachy ought to succeed him,[368] because none seemed worthier to be bishop of the first see. This he gave in charge to those who were present, this he commanded to the absent, this to the two kings of Munster[369] and to the magnates of the land he specially enjoined
H. J. Lawlor—St. Bernard of Clairvaux's Life of St. Malachy of Armagh

Messiah Despised, and Rejected of Men
He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrow, and acquainted with grief. T he heathen moralists, ignorant of the character and perfections of God, the true dignity and immorality of the soul, and the root and extent of human depravity, had no better foundation, for what they call virtue, than pride; no higher aim in their regulations, than the interests of society, and the conduct of civil life. They expressed, indeed, occasionally, some sentiments of a superior kind; but these, however just
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

Cross References
Exodus 19:9
The LORD said to Moses, "I am going to come to you in a dense cloud, so that the people will hear me speaking with you and will always put their trust in you." Then Moses told the LORD what the people had said.

Deuteronomy 4:8
And what other nation is so great as to have such righteous decrees and laws as this body of laws I am setting before you today?

Deuteronomy 4:11
You came near and stood at the foot of the mountain while it blazed with fire to the very heavens, with black clouds and deep darkness.

2 Samuel 22:10
He parted the heavens and came down; dark clouds were under his feet.

1 Kings 8:12
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that he would dwell in a dark cloud;

Job 26:9
He covers the face of the full moon, spreading his clouds over it.

Psalm 18:9
He parted the heavens and came down; dark clouds were under his feet.

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