Ruth 4:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Boaz took ten of the elders of the town and said, "Sit here," and they did so.

King James Bible
And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.

Darby Bible Translation
And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit down here. And they sat down.

World English Bible
He took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, "Sit down here." They sat down.

Young's Literal Translation
And he taketh ten men of the elders of the city, and saith, 'Sit down here;' and they sit down.

Ruth 4:2 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

He took ten men - Probably it required this number to constitute a court. How simple and how rational was this proceeding!

1. The man who had a suit went to the city gates.

2. Here he stopped till the person with whom he had the suit came to the gate on his way to his work.

3. He called him by name, and he stopped and sat down.

4. Then ten elders were called, and they came and sat down.

5. When all this was done, the appellant preferred his suit.

6. Then the appellee returned his answer.

7. When the elders heard the case, and the response of the appellee, they pronounced judgment, which judgment was always according to the custom of the place.

8. When this was done, the people who happened to be present witnessed the issue.

And thus the business was settled without lawyers or legal casuistry. A question of this kind, in one of our courts of justice, in these enlightened times, would require many days' previous preparation of the attorney, and several hours' arguing between counsellor Botherum and counsellor Borum, till even an enlightened and conscientious judge would find it extremely difficult to decide whether Naomi might sell her own land, and whether Boaz or Peloni might buy it! O, glorious uncertainty of modern law!

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the elders

Exodus 18:21,22 Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness...

Exodus 21:8 If she please not her master, who has betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed...

Deuteronomy 29:10 You stand this day all of you before the LORD your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers...

Deuteronomy 31:28 Gather to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears...

1 Kings 21:8 So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal...

Proverbs 31:23 Her husband is known in the gates, when he sits among the elders of the land.

Lamentations 5:14 The elders have ceased from the gate, the young men from their music.

Acts 6:12 And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came on him, and caught him, and brought him to the council,

The Gospel of Matthew
Matthew's Gospel breaks the long silence that followed the ministry of Malachi the last of the Old Testament prophets. This silence extended for four hundred years, and during that time God was hid from Israel's view. Throughout this period there were no angelic manifestations, no prophet spake for Jehovah, and, though the Chosen People were sorely pressed, yet were there no Divine interpositions on their behalf. For four centuries God shut His people up to His written Word. Again and again had God
Arthur W. Pink—Why Four Gospels?

Job's Faith and Expectation
I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that He shall stand in the latter day upon the earth. And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God. C hristianity, that is, the religion of which MESSIAH is the author and object, the foundation, life, and glory, though not altogether as old as creation, is nearly so. It is coeval [contemporary] with the first promise and intimation of mercy given to fallen man. When Adam, by transgression, had violated the order and law of
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

Cross References
1 Kings 21:8
So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, placed his seal on them, and sent them to the elders and nobles who lived in Naboth's city with him.

Proverbs 31:23
Her husband is respected at the city gate, where he takes his seat among the elders of the land.

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