Song of Solomon 2:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Flowers appear on the earth; the season of singing has come, the cooing of doves is heard in our land.

King James Bible
The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;

Darby Bible Translation
The flowers appear on the earth; The time of singing is come, And the voice of the turtle-dove is heard in our land;

World English Bible
The flowers appear on the earth. The time of the singing has come, and the voice of the turtledove is heard in our land.

Young's Literal Translation
The flowers have appeared in the earth, The time of the singing hath come, And the voice of the turtle was heard in our land,

Song of Solomon 2:12 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The winter is past - Mr. Harmer has made some good collections on this part, from Drs. Shaw and Russet, which I shall transcrilbe. One part of the winter is distinguished from the rest of it by the people of the East, on account of the severity of the cold. At Aleppo it lasts about forty days, and is called by the natives maurbanie. I would propose it to the consideration of the learned, whether the word here used, and translated winter, may not be understood to mean what the Aleppines express by the term maurbanie. It occurs nowhere else in the Old Testament; and another word is used for the rainy part of the year in general. If this thought be admitted, it will greatly illustrate the words of the bridegroom: Lo, the winter is past; the rain is over, and gone. For then the last clause will not be explanatory of the first, and signify that the moist part of the year was entirely past; with which, Dr. Russel assures us, all pleasantness withdraws at Aleppo; but the words will import: "The maurbanie is past and over; the weather is become agreeably warm; the rain too is just ceased, and consequently hath left us the prospect of several days of serenity and undisturbed pleasantness."

The weather of Judea was in this respect, I presume, like that at Algiers; where, after two or three days of rain, there is usually, according to Dr. Shaw, "a week, a fortnight, or more, of fair and good weather. Of such a sort of cessation of rain alone, the bridegroom, methinks, is here to be understood; not of the absolute termination of the rainy season, and the summer droughts being come on. And if so, what can the time that is past mean but the maurbanie? Indeed, Dr. Russel, in giving us an account of the excursions of the English merchants at Aleppo, has undesignedly furnished us with a good comment on this and the two following verses. These gentlemen, it seems, dine abroad under a tent, in spring and autumn on Saturdays, and often on Wednesdays. They do the same during the good weather in winter; but they live at the gardens in April, and part of May. In the heat of the summer they dine at the gardens, as once or twice a week they dine under a tent in autumn and spring." The cold weather is not supposed by Solomon to have been long over, since it is distinctly mentioned; and the Aleppines make these incursions very early; the narcissus flowers during the whole of the maurbanie; the hyacinths and violets at least before it is quite over. The appearing of flowers, then, doth not mean the appearing of the first and earliest flowers, but must rather be understood of the earth's being covered with them; which at Aleppo is not till after the middle of February, a small crane's bill appearing on the banks of the river there about the middle of February, quickly after which comes a profusion of flowers. The nightingales, too, which are there in abundance, not only afford much pleasure by their songs in the gardens, but are also kept tame in the houses, and let out at a small rate to divert such as choose it in the city; so that no entertainments are made in the spring without a concert of these birds. No wonder, then, that Solomon makes the bridegroom speak of the singing of birds; and it teaches us what these birds are, which are expressly distinguished from turtle doves.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Songs 6:2,11 My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies...

Isaiah 35:1,2 The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose...

Hosea 14:5-7 I will be as the dew to Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon...



Psalm 40:1-3 I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined to me, and heard my cry...

Psalm 89:15 Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of your countenance.

Psalm 148:7-13 Praise the LORD from the earth, you dragons, and all deeps...

Isaiah 42:10-12 Sing to the LORD a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth, you that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles...

Isaiah 55:12 For you shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing...

Ephesians 5:18-20 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit...

Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs...

of the turtle

Romans 15:9-13 And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to you among the Gentiles...

Ephesians 1:13,14 In whom you also trusted, after that you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that you believed...

Song of Songs
The contents of this book justify the description of it in the title, i. 1, as the "loveliest song"--for that is the meaning of the Hebrew idiom "song of songs." It abounds in poetical gems of the purest ray. It breathes the bracing air of the hill country, and the passionate love of man for woman and woman for man. It is a revelation of the keen Hebrew delight in nature, in her vineyards and pastures, flowers and fruit trees, in her doves and deer and sheep and goats. It is a song tremulous from
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Genesis 15:9
So the LORD said to him, "Bring me a heifer, a goat and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon."

Psalm 74:19
Do not hand over the life of your dove to wild beasts; do not forget the lives of your afflicted people forever.

Song of Solomon 2:11
See! The winter is past; the rains are over and gone.

Jeremiah 8:7
Even the stork in the sky knows her appointed seasons, and the dove, the swift and the thrush observe the time of their migration. But my people do not know the requirements of the LORD.

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