Genesis 36:31
Parallel Verses
New Living Translation
These are the kings who ruled in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites:

King James Bible
And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before there reigned a king over the children of Israel.

World English Bible
These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before any king reigned over the children of Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
And these are the kings who have reigned in the land of Edom before the reigning of a king over the sons of Israel.

Genesis 36:31 Parallel
Commentary
Wesley's Notes on the Bible

36:31 By degrees the Edomites worked out the Horites, and got full possession of the country. They were ruled by kings who governed the whole country, and seem to have come to the throne by election, and not by lineal descent: these kings reigned in Edom before there reigned any king over the children of Israel - That is, before Moses's time, for he was king in Jeshurun. God had lately promised Jacob that kings shall come out of his loins: yet Esau's blood becomes royal long before any of Jacob's did. Probably it was a trial to the faith of Israel, to hear of the power of the kings of Edom, while they were bond - slaves in Egypt: but those that look for great things from God must be content to wait for them. God's time is the best time. They were afterward's governed by dukes again, here named, who, I suppose, ruled all at the same time in several places in the country. They set up this form of government, either in conformity to the Horites, who had used it, Ge 36:29, or God's providence reduced them to it, as some conjecture, to correct them for their unkindness to Israel, in refusing them passage through their country, Num 20:18.

Genesis 36:31 Parallel Commentaries

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Cross References
Genesis 17:6
I will make you extremely fruitful. Your descendants will become many nations, and kings will be among them!

Genesis 17:16
And I will bless her and give you a son from her! Yes, I will bless her richly, and she will become the mother of many nations. Kings of nations will be among her descendants."

Genesis 35:11
Then God said, "I am El-Shaddai--'God Almighty.' Be fruitful and multiply. You will become a great nation, even many nations. Kings will be among your descendants!

Genesis 36:30
Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. The Horite clans are named after their clan leaders, who lived in the land of Seir.

Numbers 20:14
While Moses was at Kadesh, he sent ambassadors to the king of Edom with this message: "This is what your relatives, the people of Israel, say: You know all the hardships we have been through.

1 Chronicles 1:43
These are the kings who ruled in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites: Bela son of Beor, who ruled from his city of Dinhabah.

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