And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.…
1. It is supposed that masters in the Church of God may be cruel in correcting servants, but it is sin.
2. It is possible that death may follow upon such cruel smiting.
3. In such case the life of the vilest slaves is precious with God, and He requireth it with death (ver. 20).
4. Correction due unto servants which endangers not life, is supposed lawful.
5. No governor is guilty by God's law upon such due chastening.
6. Servants are the due purchase of their lords for their labours not for their lives.
7. The lives and comforts of poorest slaves are dear to God and secured by Him (ver. 21).
(G. Hughes, B. D.)
Parallel VersesKJV: And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.