Job 33:4
Elihu assures Job that he is a man, made by God, and by his very creation having the Spirit of God in him. There is some pretentiousness in the manner of Elihu. Yet what he says is important, because it is not true of him alone, but of every man.


1. His origin is outside himself. Whatever man can do for himself, he certainly cannot make himself. When we come back to the question of origins, the most self-reliant person must confess that he could not have caused his own being.

2. His origin is from God. Man derives his life originally from the First Cause of the whole series of living creatures. Whether man was created immediately out of the dust of the earth, or, as evolutionists teach, mediately, through other creatures, he in common with all things living derives his being from the great Parent of nature. Evolution does not destroy creation; it only describes the process, and throws back the time of the beginning of creation.

3. His origin is in the Spirit of God. The Spirit of God at first brooded over the face of the waters (Genesis 1:2). When man appeared God breathed into him the spirit of life (Genesis 2:7). The Holy Spirit is the Lord and Giver of life. In his spiritual nature man is especially related to the Spirit of God. He is a spark from the eternal Sun.

4. His very existence is maintained by the Spirit of God. Man lives only because God lives in him. By nature his life is an inspiration from heaven. At any moment, if God were to withdraw, man would perish. "In him we five, and move, and have our being." Thus not only the original creation, but also the present life, should be regarded as inspired by God.


1. The Maker may be known by his work. All creation reveals God; but man, the highest creature, most fully expresses the Divine. To us there can be no higher revelation of God than that which is made through a perfect man. Therefore the incarnation of Christ is our most complete vision of the Father. But all men are in a measure revealers of the hand that made them.

2. The spiritual nature of man is a type of God. All nature reveals God; suns and stars, trees and flowers, birds, beasts, and fishes, give lemons of the Divine; but they do so through their material structures. Man reveals God in the constitution of his spiritual nature. He is not merely the building that sets forth the ideas of the Architect; he is the child, himself made in the image of the Father. His spiritual nature is essentially like God. who is Spirit. Thus he is made in the image of God.

3. The indwelling of the Spirit of God is a permanent revelation of God. God not only makes himself known by what he has done, he is daily revealing himself by his present life in our midst. Nature is not like a fossil that shows in its dead lineaments the traces of an old-world life; she is a mirror of the Divine activity. Our own souls are witnessing to God by their vitality. The dwelling of God within us is a continuous proof that he lives, that he works, that he loves. We know what God is now by what God is now doing in our hearts and lives. - W. F. A

The Spirit of God hath made me.
The Holy Spirit completed the work of creation in all its parts. With respect to the new creation, the work is threefold.

I. HIS RICH AND COPIOUS INFLUENCES AND OPERATIONS. The dispensation of the Spirit with respect to the new creation may be considered as follows: —

1. The plentiful effusion of the Spirit's influences.

2. The ministry of the Spirit, in the Gospel, is called the ministry of the Spirit by way of eminence.

3. In the Gospel the Spirit is promised to all ranks and degrees of men.

4. Our Lord teaches all His disciples to pray for the Spirit (Luke 11:13).

5. The chief comfort which our Lord left to His disciples at His departure was the Spirit.


1. Spirit miraculously formed our Lord's human nature, soul and body, in the womb of the Virgin.

2. He filled the human nature of our Lord with holiness; He sanctifies the new nature of the believer.

3. He carried on the progressive work of grace in our Lord's soul and body; He carries on the sanctification of the believer unto perfection.

4. He anointed our Lord with all extraordinary powers necessary for the discharge of His offices; He anoints the believer for the discharge of every duty

5. He enabled our Lord to work miracles. He enables the believer to conquer sin and Satan: and are not these great miracles?

6. He directed and comforted our Lord in all His troubles. He directs and comforts believers in all their troubles.

7. He enabled our Lord to offer Himself without spot to God. He enables the believer to meet death in peace and purity.

8. He preserved our Lord's dead body that it saw no corruption. He will gather the remains of the believer's body, wherever they are.

9. He raised our Lord from the dead. He will raise the believer at the last day.

10. He glorified our Lord's human nature. He will glorify the believer, when raised from the tomb.

II. He has borne witness concerning our Lord ever since He raised Him from the dead. He will write the name of the believer in the Book of Life.


(J. Kidd, D. D.)

The breath of the Almighty hath given me life.
There are two conflicting theories of the origin of man. One brings him upward from the brute, the other downward from God.

1. Life, in its origin, is infinitely important. The birth of a babe is a mighty event. The Scandinavians have a very impressive allegory of human life. They represent it as a tree, the "Igdrasil," or tree of existence, whose roots grow deep down in the soil of mystery; the trunk reaches above the clouds; its branches spread out over the globe. At the foot of it sit the past, present, and future, watering the roots. Its boughs, with their unleafing, spread out through all lands and all time; every leaf of the tree is a biography, every fibre a word, a thought, or a deed; its boughs are the histories of nations; the rustle of it is the noise of human existence onwards from of old; it grows amid the howling of the hurricane — it is the great tree of humanity.

2. Human life is transcendently precious from the services it may render to God in the advancement of His glory. Man was not created as a piece of guess work, flung into existence as a waif. There is purpose in the creation of every human being. What is the purpose of life? Man was created to be happy, to be holy! That is the double aim of life — duty first, then happiness as the consequence. The highest style of manhood and womanhood is to be attained by consecration to the Son of God.

3. Life is infinitely valuable from the eternal consequences flowing from it. This world is a solemn vestibule of eternity.Practical thoughts —

1. How careful we ought to be to husband life.

2. What a stupendous crime wanton war becomes!

3. How short life is, yet infinite in its reach and retribution! What sort of life are you living?

(T. L. Cuyler, D. D.)

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