1 Chronicles 12:40
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
1961 [e]וַיִּהְיוּ־
way-yih-yū-
And they wereConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3mp
8033 [e]שָׁ֤ם
šām
thereAdv
1732 [e]עִם־
‘im-
withPrep
3117 [e]דָּוִיד֙
dā-wîḏ
DavidN-proper-ms
7969 [e]יָמִ֣ים
yā-mîm
daysN-mp
398 [e]שְׁלוֹשָׁ֔ה
šə-lō-wō-šāh,
threeNumber-ms
8354 [e]אֹכְלִ֖ים
’ō-ḵə-lîm
eatingV-Qal-Prtcpl-mp
  וְשׁוֹתִ֑ים
wə-šō-w-ṯîm;
and drinking forConjunctive waw :: Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural Conj-w | V-Qal-Prtcpl-mp
3559 [e]כִּֽי־
kî-
had preparedV-Hifil-Perf-3cp
  הֵכִ֥ינוּ
hê-ḵî-nū
for themPreposition :: third person masculine plural Prep | 3mp
251 [e]לָהֶ֖ם
lā-hem
their brothersN-mpc | 3mp
  אֲחֵיהֶֽם׃
’ă-ḥê-hem.
MoreoverConjunctive waw :: Conjunction Conj-w | Conj
7138 [e]וְגַ֣ם
wə-ḡam
andArt | Adj-mp
  הַקְּרֽוֹבִים־
haq-qə-rō-w-ḇîm-
those who were near to themPreposition :: third person masculine plural Prep | 3mp
5704 [e]אֲ֠לֵיהֶם
’ă-lê-hem
from as far away asPrep
3485 [e]עַד־
‘aḏ-
IssacharN-proper-ms
2074 [e]יִשָׂשכָ֨ר
yi-śā-š-ḵār
and ZebulunConj-w | N-proper-ms
5321 [e]וּזְבֻל֜וּן
ū-zə-ḇu-lūn
and NaphtaliConj-w | N-proper-ms
935 [e]וְנַפְתָּלִ֗י
wə-nap̄-tā-lî,
and were bringingV-Hifil-Prtcpl-mp
3899 [e]מְבִיאִ֣ים
mə-ḇî-’îm
foodN-ms
2543 [e]לֶ֡חֶם
le-ḥem
on donkeysPrep, Art | N-mp
1581 [e]בַּחֲמוֹרִ֣ים
ba-ḥă-mō-w-rîm
and camelsConj-w, Prep-b, Art | N-mp
6505 [e]וּבַגְּמַלִּ֣ים
ū-ḇag-gə-mal-lîm
and on mulesConj-w, Prep-b, Art | N-mp
1241 [e]וּבַפְּרָדִ֣ים ׀
ū-ḇap-pə-rā-ḏîm
and oxenConj-w, Prep-b, Art | N-ms
7230 [e]וּֽבַבָּקָ֡ר
ū-ḇab-bā-qār
and provisions ofN-ms
7058 [e]מַאֲכָ֡ל
ma-’ă-ḵāl
flourN-ms
7058 [e]קֶ֠מַח
qe-maḥ
-Noun
1690 [e]דְּבֵלִ֨ים
də-ḇê-lîm
and cakes of figsN-fp
1690 [e]וְצִמּוּקִ֧ים
wə-ṣim-mū-qîm
andNoun
6778 [e]וְיַֽיִן־
wə-ya-yin-
cakes of raisinsConj-w | N-mp
3196 [e]וְשֶׁ֛מֶן
wə-še-men
and wineConj-w | N-ms
8081 [e]וּבָקָ֥ר
ū-ḇā-qār
and oilConj-w | N-ms
1241 [e]וְצֹ֖אן
wə-ṣōn
and oxenConj-w | N-ms
6629 [e]לָרֹ֑ב
lā-rōḇ;
and sheepConj-w | N-cs
3588 [e]כִּ֥י
abundantly forPrep, Art | N-ms
8057 [e]שִׂמְחָ֖ה
śim-ḥāh
[there was] joyN-fs
3478 [e]בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
bə-yiś-rā-’êl.
in IsraelPrep-b | N-proper-ms
  פ
-Punc









Hebrew Texts
דברי הימים א 12:40 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיִּהְיוּ־שָׁ֤ם עִם־דָּוִיד֙ יָמִ֣ים שְׁלֹושָׁ֔ה אֹכְלִ֖ים וְשֹׁותִ֑ים כִּֽי־הֵכִ֥ינוּ לָהֶ֖ם אֲחֵיהֶֽם׃ (41) וְגַ֣ם הַקְּרֹֽובִים־אֲ֠לֵיהֶם עַד־יִשָׂשכָ֨ר וּזְבֻל֜וּן וְנַפְתָּלִ֗י מְבִיאִ֣ים לֶ֡חֶם בַּחֲמֹורִ֣ים וּבַגְּמַלִּ֣ים וּבַפְּרָדִ֣ים ׀ וּֽבַבָּקָ֡ר מַאֲכָ֡ל קֶ֠מַח דְּבֵלִ֨ים וְצִמּוּקִ֧ים וְיַֽיִן־וְשֶׁ֛מֶן וּבָקָ֥ר וְצֹ֖אן לָרֹ֑ב כִּ֥י שִׂמְחָ֖ה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ פ

דברי הימים א 12:40 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ויהיו־שם עם־דויד ימים שלושה אכלים ושותים כי־הכינו להם אחיהם׃ (41) וגם הקרובים־אליהם עד־יששכר וזבלון ונפתלי מביאים לחם בחמורים ובגמלים ובפרדים ׀ ובבקר מאכל קמח דבלים וצמוקים ויין־ושמן ובקר וצאן לרב כי שמחה בישראל׃ פ

דברי הימים א 12:40 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ויהיו־שם עם־דויד ימים שלושה אכלים ושותים כי־הכינו להם אחיהם׃ (41) וגם הקרובים־אליהם עד־יששכר וזבלון ונפתלי מביאים לחם בחמורים ובגמלים ובפרדים ׀ ובבקר מאכל קמח דבלים וצמוקים ויין־ושמן ובקר וצאן לרב כי שמחה בישראל׃ פ

דברי הימים א 12:40 Hebrew Bible
וגם הקרובים אליהם עד יששכר וזבלון ונפתלי מביאים לחם בחמורים ובגמלים ובפרדים ובבקר מאכל קמח דבלים וצמוקים ויין ושמן ובקר וצאן לרב כי שמחה בישראל׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Moreover those who were near to them, even as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought food on donkeys, camels, mules and on oxen, great quantities of flour cakes, fig cakes and bunches of raisins, wine, oil, oxen and sheep. There was joy indeed in Israel.

King James Bible
Moreover they that were nigh them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In addition, their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali came and brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen--abundant provisions of flour, fig cakes, raisins, wine and oil, oxen, and sheep. Indeed, there was joy in Israel.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

brought The Septuagint reads () `brought to them' which is probably correct; the Hebrew {lahem} `to them' might be easily mistaken for {lechem} bread. The passage will then read, `bought them on asses, on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, meat, meal, cakes of figs,' etc., which renders the introduction of {and} unnecessary. From the mention of oil, figs, and raisins, mr. Harmer thinks that this assembly was held in autumn.

2 Samuel 16:1 And when David was a little past the top of the hill, behold, Ziba …

2 Samuel 17:27-29 And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi …

meat, meal, or victual of meal
cakes of figs

1 Samuel 25:18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles …

there was joy

1 Kings 1:40 And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, …

2 Kings 11:20 And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: …

Proverbs 11:10 When it goes well with the righteous, the city rejoices: and when …

Proverbs 29:2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when …

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

Luke 19:37,38 And when he was come near, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives…

Revelation 19:5-7 And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all you …

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1 Chronicles 12:39
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