Exodus 1:14
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
4843 [e]וַיְמָרְר֨וּ
way-mā-rə-rū
and they made bitterConj-w | V-Piel-ConsecImperf-3mp
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
2416 [e]חַיֵּיהֶ֜ם
ḥay-yê-hem
their livesN-mpc | 3mp
5656 [e]בַּעֲבֹדָ֣ה
ba-‘ă-ḇō-ḏāh
with bondagePrep-b | N-fs
7186 [e]קָשָׁ֗ה
qā-šāh,
hardAdj-fs
2563 [e]בְּחֹ֙מֶר֙
bə-ḥō-mer
in mortarPrep-b | N-ms
3843 [e]וּבִלְבֵנִ֔ים
ū-ḇil-ḇê-nîm,
and in brickConj-w, Prep-b | N-fp
3605 [e]וּבְכָל־
ū-ḇə-ḵāl
and in all mannerConj-w, Prep-b | N-msc
5656 [e]עֲבֹדָ֖ה
‘ă-ḇō-ḏāh
of serviceN-fs
7704 [e]בַּשָּׂדֶ֑ה
baś-śā-ḏeh;
in the fieldPrep-b, Art | N-ms
853 [e]אֵ֚ת
’êṯ
-DirObjM
3605 [e]כָּל־
kāl-
allN-msc
5656 [e]עֲבֹ֣דָתָ֔ם
‘ă-ḇō-ḏā-ṯām,
their serviceN-fsc | 3mp
834 [e]אֲשֶׁר־
’ă-šer-
in whichPro-r
5647 [e]עָבְד֥וּ
‘ā-ḇə-ḏū
they made serveV-Qal-Perf-3cp
  בָהֶ֖ם
ḇā-hem
themPrep | 3mp
6531 [e]בְּפָֽרֶךְ׃
bə-p̄ā-reḵ.
with harshnessPrep-b | N-ms









Hebrew Texts
שמות 1:14 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיְמָרְר֨וּ אֶת־חַיֵּיהֶ֜ם בַּעֲבֹדָ֣ה קָשָׁ֗ה בְּחֹ֙מֶר֙ וּבִלְבֵנִ֔ים וּבְכָל־עֲבֹדָ֖ה בַּשָּׂדֶ֑ה אֵ֚ת כָּל־עֲבֹ֣דָתָ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־עָבְד֥וּ בָהֶ֖ם בְּפָֽרֶךְ׃

שמות 1:14 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
וימררו את־חייהם בעבדה קשה בחמר ובלבנים ובכל־עבדה בשדה את כל־עבדתם אשר־עבדו בהם בפרך׃

שמות 1:14 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
וימררו את־חייהם בעבדה קשה בחמר ובלבנים ובכל־עבדה בשדה את כל־עבדתם אשר־עבדו בהם בפרך׃

שמות 1:14 Hebrew Bible
וימררו את חייהם בעבדה קשה בחמר ובלבנים ובכל עבדה בשדה את כל עבדתם אשר עבדו בהם בפרך׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
and they made their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously imposed on them.

King James Bible
And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and made their lives bitter with difficult labor in brick and mortar and in all kinds of fieldwork. They ruthlessly imposed all this work on them.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

their lives.

Exodus 2:23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: …

Exodus 6:9 And Moses spoke so to the children of Israel: but they listened not …

Genesis 15:13 And he said to Abram, Know of a surety that your seed shall be a …

Numbers 20:15 How our fathers went down into Egypt, and we have dwelled in Egypt …

Deuteronomy 4:20 But the LORD has taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron …

Deuteronomy 26:6 And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid on …

Ruth 1:20 And she said to them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty …

Acts 7:19,34 The same dealt subtly with our kindred, and evil entreated our fathers, …

in mortar.

Psalm 68:13 Though you have lien among the pots, yet shall you be as the wings …

Psalm 81:6 I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots.

Nahum 3:14 Draw you waters for the siege, fortify your strong holds: go into …

was with rigour.

Exodus 1:13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor:

Exodus 5:7-21 You shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: …

Exodus 20:2 I am the LORD your God, which have brought you out of the land of …

Leviticus 25:43,46,53 You shall not rule over him with rigor; but shall fear your God…

Isaiah 14:6 He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that …

Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict you; which have …

Isaiah 52:5 Now therefore, what have I here, said the LORD, that my people is …

Isaiah 58:6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, …

Jeremiah 50:33,34 Thus said the LORD of hosts; The children of Israel and the children …

Micah 3:3 Who also eat the flesh of my people, and flay their skin from off …

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Exodus 1:13
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