Leviticus 19:20
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
376 [e]וְ֠אִישׁ
wə-’îš
A manConj-w | N-ms
3588 [e]כִּֽי־
kî-
ifConj
7901 [e]יִשְׁכַּ֨ב
yiš-kaḇ
he liesV-Qal-Imperf-3ms
854 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
withPrep
802 [e]אִשָּׁ֜ה
’iš-šāh
a womanN-fs
7902 [e]שִׁכְבַת־
šiḵ-ḇaṯ-
lyingN-fsc
2233 [e]זֶ֗רַע
ze-ra‘,
sowingN-ms
1931 [e]וְהִ֤וא
wə-hi-w
and sheConj-w | Pro-3fs
8198 [e]שִׁפְחָה֙
šip̄-ḥāh
[is] a concubineN-fs
2778 [e]נֶחֱרֶ֣פֶת
ne-ḥĕ-re-p̄eṯ
betrothedV-Nifal-Prtcpl-fs
376 [e]לְאִ֔ישׁ
lə-’îš,
to a manPrep-l | N-ms
6299 [e]וְהָפְדֵּה֙
wə-hā-p̄ə-dêh
and at allConj-w | V-Hofal-InfAbs
3808 [e]לֹ֣א
notAdv-NegPrt
6299 [e]נִפְדָּ֔תָה
nip̄-dā-ṯāh,
who has been redeemedV-Nifal-Perf-3fs
176 [e]א֥וֹ
’ōw
orConj
2668 [e]חֻפְשָׁ֖ה
ḥup̄-šāh
freedomN-fs
3808 [e]לֹ֣א
norAdv-NegPrt
5414 [e]נִתַּן־
nit-tan-
givenV-Nifal-Perf-3ms
  לָ֑הּ
lāh;
herPrep | 3fs
1244 [e]בִּקֹּ֧רֶת
biq-qō-reṯ
scourgingN-fs
1961 [e]תִּהְיֶ֛ה
tih-yeh
for this there shall beV-Qal-Imperf-3fs
3808 [e]לֹ֥א
notAdv-NegPrt
4191 [e]יוּמְת֖וּ
yū-mə-ṯū
[but] they shall be put to deathV-Hofal-Imperf-3mp
3588 [e]כִּי־
kî-
becauseConj
3808 [e]לֹ֥א
notAdv-NegPrt
2666 [e]חֻפָּֽשָׁה׃
ḥup-pā-šāh.
she was freeV-Pual-Perf-3fs









Hebrew Texts
ויקרא 19:20 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וְ֠אִישׁ כִּֽי־יִשְׁכַּ֨ב אֶת־אִשָּׁ֜ה שִׁכְבַת־זֶ֗רַע וְהִ֤וא שִׁפְחָה֙ נֶחֱרֶ֣פֶת לְאִ֔ישׁ וְהָפְדֵּה֙ לֹ֣א נִפְדָּ֔תָה אֹ֥ו חֻפְשָׁ֖ה לֹ֣א נִתַּן־לָ֑הּ בִּקֹּ֧רֶת תִּהְיֶ֛ה לֹ֥א יוּמְת֖וּ כִּי־לֹ֥א חֻפָּֽשָׁה׃

ויקרא 19:20 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ואיש כי־ישכב את־אשה שכבת־זרע והוא שפחה נחרפת לאיש והפדה לא נפדתה או חפשה לא נתן־לה בקרת תהיה לא יומתו כי־לא חפשה׃

ויקרא 19:20 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ואיש כי־ישכב את־אשה שכבת־זרע והוא שפחה נחרפת לאיש והפדה לא נפדתה או חפשה לא נתן־לה בקרת תהיה לא יומתו כי־לא חפשה׃

ויקרא 19:20 Hebrew Bible
ואיש כי ישכב את אשה שכבת זרע והוא שפחה נחרפת לאיש והפדה לא נפדתה או חפשה לא נתן לה בקרת תהיה לא יומתו כי לא חפשה׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Now if a man lies carnally with a woman who is a slave acquired for another man, but who has in no way been redeemed nor given her freedom, there shall be punishment; they shall not, however, be put to death, because she was not free.

King James Bible
And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, betrothed to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a man has sexual intercourse with a woman who is a slave designated for another man, but she has not been redeemed or given her freedom, there must be punishment. They are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

betrothed to an husband. or, abused by any [heb] reproached by, or for man.

she shall be scourged. or, they [heb] there shall be a scourging
they shall

Exodus 21:20,21 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die …

Deuteronomy 22:23,24 If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed to an husband, and a man …

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Leviticus 19:19
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