Numbers 21:1
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
8085 [e]וַיִּשְׁמַ֞ע
way-yiš-ma‘
And heardConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
3669 [e]הַכְּנַעֲנִ֤י
hak-kə-na-‘ă-nî
the CanaaniteArt | N-proper-ms
4428 [e]מֶֽלֶךְ־
me-leḵ-
the kingN-msc
6166 [e]עֲרָד֙
‘ă-rāḏ
of AradN-proper-fs
3427 [e]יֹשֵׁ֣ב
yō-šêḇ
who dwelt inV-Qal-Prtcpl-ms
5045 [e]הַנֶּ֔גֶב
han-ne-ḡeḇ,
the NegevArt | N-proper-fs
3588 [e]כִּ֚י
thatConj
935 [e]בָּ֣א
was comingV-Qal-Perf-3ms
3478 [e]יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל
yiś-rā-’êl,
IsraelN-proper-ms
1870 [e]דֶּ֖רֶךְ
de-reḵ
on the road toN-csc
871 [e]הָאֲתָרִ֑ים
hā-’ă-ṯā-rîm;
AtharimArt | N-proper-fs
3898 [e]וַיִּלָּ֙חֶם֙
way-yil-lā-ḥem
then he foughtConj-w | V-Nifal-ConsecImperf-3ms
3478 [e]בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל
bə-yiś-rā-’êl,
against IsraelPrep-b | N-proper-ms
7617 [e]וַיִּ֥שְׁבְּ ׀
way-yišb
and took [some]Conj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
4480 [e]מִמֶּ֖נּוּ
mim-men-nū
of themPrep | 3ms
7628 [e]שֶֽׁבִי׃
še-ḇî.
prisonersN-ms









Hebrew Texts
במדבר 21:1 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיִּשְׁמַ֞ע הַכְּנַעֲנִ֤י מֶֽלֶךְ־עֲרָד֙ יֹשֵׁ֣ב הַנֶּ֔גֶב כִּ֚י בָּ֣א יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל דֶּ֖רֶךְ הָאֲתָרִ֑ים וַיִּלָּ֙חֶם֙ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיִּ֥שְׁבְּ ׀ מִמֶּ֖נּוּ שֶֽׁבִי׃

במדבר 21:1 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
וישמע הכנעני מלך־ערד ישב הנגב כי בא ישראל דרך האתרים וילחם בישראל וישב ׀ ממנו שבי׃

במדבר 21:1 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
וישמע הכנעני מלך־ערד ישב הנגב כי בא ישראל דרך האתרים וילחם בישראל וישב ׀ ממנו שבי׃

במדבר 21:1 Hebrew Bible
וישמע הכנעני מלך ערד ישב הנגב כי בא ישראל דרך האתרים וילחם בישראל וישב ממנו שבי׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
When the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the Negev, heard that Israel was coming by the way of Atharim, then he fought against Israel and took some of them captive.

King James Bible
And when king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel came by the way of the spies; then he fought against Israel, and took some of them prisoners.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the Canaanite king of Arad, who lived in the Negev, heard that Israel was coming on the Atharim road, he fought against Israel and captured some prisoners.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Arad

Numbers 33:40 And king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelled in the south in the land …

Joshua 12:14 The king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one;

Judges 1:16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law…

the way of the spies. Dr. Kennicott remarks, that the word atharim, rendered spies in our version, is in the Greek a proper name.

Numbers 13:21,22 So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin …

Numbers 14:45 Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelled in …

then

Deuteronomy 2:32 Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz.

Joshua 7:5 And the men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six men: for they …

Joshua 11:19,20 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, …

Psalm 44:3,4 For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither …

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Numbers 20:29
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