The trespass money and sin money was not brought into the house of the LORD: it was the priests'.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)The.—The definite article should be omitted.
Was not brought.—Was not wont to be brought i.e., put into the chest for the restoration fund.
It was the priests’.—Literally to the priests they (these moneys) used to fall, or continued to accrue. The general sense is that the priests were not deprived of their lawful revenues by the new arrangement. They received their ancient dues from the trespass and sin offerings. The change initiated by Jehoash consisted in this, that henceforth gifts intended for the sanctuary itself were kept apart from the gifts intended for the priesthood.2 Kings 12:16. The trespass-money and sin-money, &c. — “Besides the money paid to the priests for trespasses committed in holy things it is thought that persons living at a distance sent money to the priests to purchase trespass- offerings and sin-offerings, and sacrifice them in their names: and, as they commonly sent more than the sacrifices cost, the surplus became a perquisite, under the name of trespass-money and sin-money.” — Scott. This money was not employed toward the reparation of the house, because, as it follows, it was the priests’: it was given to them for their private use and maintenance.Numbers 5:8. This would form a part of the trespass and sin money. The remainder would accrue from the voluntary gifts made to the priests by those who came to make atonement for sins or trespasses Numbers 5:10. On the difference between "sins" and "trespasses," see Leviticus 5:14 note.
Quest. If this reason was weighty, how could the money of them that passed the account, or the money that every man was set at, be thus employed, as they were, 2 Kings 12:4, for these also may seem to have been the priests’?
Answ. They were not appropriated to the priests, but for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, as is said of the former, Exodus 30:16; or, for the Lord, Leviticus 27:2,9,14,23. The trespass money and sin money was not brought into the house of the LORD: it was the priests'.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)16. The trespass money] R.V. The money for the guilt offerings. ‘Guilt offering’ was adopted by R.V. in Leviticus 5:1-6 and throughout the law for the ‘trespass-offering’ of A.V., to accord with the verb and the adjective which are rendered in that leading passage ‘to be guilty’ and ‘guilty’. ‘Trespass money’ occurs nowhere else but in this verse.
sin money] R.V. the money for the sin-offering. On this see Leviticus 5:7-12. ‘Sin money’ is found nowhere else.
it was the priests’] See Leviticus 14:13. ‘For as the sin-offering is the priest’s, so is the trespass (R.V. guilt) offering’.Verse 16. - The trespass money. When a man had injured another, he was bound by the Law to make compensation to the injured party at the valuation of the priest, with the addition of one-fifth more than the value (Leviticus 6:2-6; Numbers 5:6-8). The compensation was, primarily, to be made to the man himself; secondarily, if he were dead, to his nearest kinsman; finally, if he had left no kinsman, to the priest. And sin money. According to the Law, the priest was entitled to no money with a sin offering; but it seems to have become customary to make the priest who offered it a voluntary gift, to compensate him for his trouble. Such free gifts the priest was by the Law (Numbers 5:10) entitled to receive. Was not brought into the house of the Lord - i.e. it was not deposited in the chest, or applied to the repairs, but - it was the priests'. 2 Kings 5:23). The binding is mentioned before the reckoning, because the pieces of money were not counted singly, but packed at once into bags, which were then weighed for the purpose of estimating the amount received.
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