Leviticus 6:2
New International Version
“If anyone sins and is unfaithful to the LORD by deceiving a neighbor about something entrusted to them or left in their care or about something stolen, or if they cheat their neighbor,

New Living Translation
“Suppose one of you sins against your associate and is unfaithful to the LORD. Suppose you cheat in a deal involving a security deposit, or you steal or commit fraud,

English Standard Version
“If anyone sins and commits a breach of faith against the LORD by deceiving his neighbor in a matter of deposit or security, or through robbery, or if he has oppressed his neighbor

Berean Study Bible
“If someone sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD by deceiving his neighbor in regard to a deposit or security entrusted to him or stolen, or if he extorts his neighbor

King James Bible
If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour;

New King James Version
“If a person sins and commits a trespass against the LORD by lying to his neighbor about what was delivered to him for safekeeping, or about a pledge, or about a robbery, or if he has extorted from his neighbor,

New American Standard Bible
“When a person sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD, and disavows the rightful claim of his neighbor regarding a deposit or a security entrusted to him, or regarding robbery, or he has extorted from his neighbor,

NASB 1995
“When a person sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD, and deceives his companion in regard to a deposit or a security entrusted to him, or through robbery, or if he has extorted from his companion,

NASB 1977
“When a person sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD, and deceives his companion in regard to a deposit or a security entrusted to him, or through robbery, or if he has extorted from his companion,

Amplified Bible
“When anyone sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD by deceiving his neighbor (companion, associate) in regard to a deposit or a security entrusted to him, or through robbery, or if he has extorted from his neighbor,

Christian Standard Bible
“When someone sins and offends the LORD by deceiving his neighbor in regard to a deposit, a security, or a robbery; or defrauds his neighbor;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When someone sins and offends the LORD by deceiving his neighbor in regard to a deposit, a security, or a robbery; or defrauds his neighbor;

American Standard Version
If any one sin, and commit a trespass against Jehovah, and deal falsely with his neighbor in a matter of deposit, or of bargain, or of robbery, or have oppressed his neighbor,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“When a soul will sin and will do evil against LORD JEHOVAH and will lie against his neighbor in a trust, or in a partnership of the hand, or by violence, or cheats his neighbor;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The soul which shall have sinned, and willfully overlooked the commandments of the Lord, and shall have dealt falsely in the affairs of his neighbour in the matter of a deposit, or concerning fellowship, or concerning plunder, or has in anything wronged his neighbour,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whosoever shall sin, and despising the Lord, shall deny to his neighbour the thing delivered to his keeping, which was committed to his trust; or shall by force extort any thing, or commit oppression;

English Revised Version
If any one sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and deal falsely with his neighbour in a matter of deposit, or of bargain, or of robbery, or have oppressed his neighbour;

Good News Translation
An offering is to be made if any of you sin against the LORD by refusing to return what another Israelite has left as a deposit or by stealing something from him or by cheating him

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If any of you sin against the LORD by failing to do your duty, if you lie to your neighbor about something you were supposed to take care of or if you lie about something stolen or seized from your neighbor, you are sinning and will be guilty.

International Standard Version
"A person sins against the LORD by acting treacherously toward his neighbor regarding something entrusted to his care, regarding security for a loan, robbery, if he has oppressed his neighbor,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If any one sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and deal falsely with his neighbour in a matter of deposit, or of pledge, or of robbery, or have oppressed his neighbour;

Literal Standard Version
“When any person sins, and has committed a trespass against YHWH, and has lied to his fellow concerning a deposit, or concerning fellowship, or concerning violent robbery, or has oppressed his fellow;

NET Bible
"When a person sins and commits a trespass against the LORD by deceiving his fellow citizen in regard to something held in trust, or a pledge, or something stolen, or by extorting something from his fellow citizen,

New Heart English Bible
"If anyone sins, and commits a trespass against the LORD, and deals falsely with his neighbor in a matter of deposit, or of bargain, or of robbery, or has oppressed his neighbor,

World English Bible
"If anyone sins, and commits a trespass against Yahweh, and deals falsely with his neighbor in a matter of deposit, or of bargain, or of robbery, or has oppressed his neighbor,

Young's Literal Translation
'When any person doth sin, and hath committed a trespass against Jehovah, and hath lied to his fellow concerning a deposit, or concerning fellowship, or concerning violent robbery, or hath oppressed his fellow;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Sins Requiring a Guilt Offering
1And the LORD said to Moses, 2“If someone sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD by deceiving his neighbor in regard to a deposit or security entrusted to him or stolen, or if he extorts his neighbor 3or finds lost property and lies about it and swears falsely, or if he commits any such sin that a man might commit—…

Cross References
Exodus 22:7
If a man gives his neighbor money or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor's house, the thief, if caught, must pay back double.

Leviticus 6:1
And the LORD said to Moses,

Proverbs 24:28
Do not testify against your neighbor without cause, and do not deceive with your lips.


Treasury of Scripture

If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie to his neighbor in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or has deceived his neighbor;

commit

Leviticus 5:15,19
If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering: …

Numbers 5:6-8
Speak unto the children of Israel, When a man or woman shall commit any sin that men commit, to do a trespass against the LORD, and that person be guilty; …

Psalm 51:4
Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.

lie

Leviticus 19:11
Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.

Genesis 26:7
And the men of the place asked him of his wife; and he said, She is my sister: for he feared to say, She is my wife; lest, said he, the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah; because she was fair to look upon.

John 8:44
Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

in that

Exodus 22:7-10
If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double…

in fellowship.

Isaiah 21:2
A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.

Isaiah 24:16
From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, even glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.

Isaiah 33:1
Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou wast not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; and when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.

deceived

Proverbs 24:28
Be not a witness against thy neighbour without cause; and deceive not with thy lips.

Proverbs 26:19
So is the man that deceiveth his neighbour, and saith, Am not I in sport?

Isaiah 59:13-15
In transgressing and lying against the LORD, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood…









(2) And commit a trespass against the Lord.--It will be seen that the trespass against God is, strictly speaking, a violation of the rights of a neighbour's property. As fraud and plunder are most subversive of social life, a crime of this sort is described as an insult to God, who is the founder and sovereign ruler of his people.

In that which was delivered him to keep.--To deposit valuable property with a neighbour was, and still is, a common practice in the East where no responsible establishments exist for the reception of private treasure. Hence, when a man went on a journey, he concealed his precious things underground. This was connected with the danger of forgetting the spot where they were hidden, when search and digging had to be resorted to. This not only accounts for the fact that treasure is called in Hebrew by a name which denotes hidden, or things which men are in the habit of hiding underground, but explains such allusions as "hidden riches of secret places" (Isaiah 45:3), "and searchest for her as for hid treasure" (Proverbs 2:4), "dig for it more than for hid treasure" (Job 3:21). To avoid this danger, men entrusted their treasure to the custody of a neighbour. It is to this practice which the text before us refers, and it is from this practice that the apostle took the expression when he declares, "I am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day" (2Timothy 1:12; see also Leviticus 6:14, and 1Timothy 6:20). . . .

Verse 2. - This verse would be better translated as follows: - If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the Lord, and falsely deny to his neighbour something that was delivered to him to keep, or something that he had received in pawn, or something that he had taken away by violence, or hath got something by oppression from his neighbour. Cf. the injunction in Leviticus 19:11: "Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another." Exodus 22:7-13 contains earlier legislation on the subject of things taken in trust.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
“If
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

someone
נֶ֚פֶשׁ (ne·p̄eš)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

sins
תֶחֱטָ֔א (ṯe·ḥĕ·ṭā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 2398: To miss, to sin, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, lead astray, condemn

and acts
וּמָעֲלָ֥ה (ū·mā·‘ă·lāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 4603: To cover up, to act covertly, treacherously

unfaithfully
מַ֖עַל (ma·‘al)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4604: An unfaithful or treacherous act

against the LORD
בַּיהוָ֑ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

by deceiving
וְכִחֵ֨שׁ (wə·ḵi·ḥêš)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3584: To disappoint, deceive, fail, grow lean

his neighbor
בַּעֲמִית֜וֹ (ba·‘ă·mî·ṯōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5997: Companionship, a comrade, kindred man

in regard to a deposit
בְּפִקָּד֗וֹן (bə·p̄iq·qā·ḏō·wn)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6487: A deposit, store

or security
בִתְשׂ֤וּמֶת (ḇiṯ·śū·meṯ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 8667: A deposit, pledging

entrusted to him
יָד֙ (yāḏ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 3027: A hand

or
אֽוֹ־ (’ōw-)
Conjunction
Strong's 176: Desire, if

stolen,
בְגָזֵ֔ל (ḇə·ḡā·zêl)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1498: Robbery, plunder

or
א֣וֹ (’ōw)
Conjunction
Strong's 176: Desire, if

if he extorts
עָשַׁ֥ק (‘ā·šaq)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6231: To press upon, oppress, defraud, violate, overflow

his neighbor
עֲמִיתֽוֹ׃ (‘ă·mî·ṯōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5997: Companionship, a comrade, kindred man


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OT Law: Leviticus 6:2 If anyone sins and commits a trespass (Le Lv Lev.)
Leviticus 6:1
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