Deuteronomy 24:6
New International Version
Do not take a pair of millstones--not even the upper one--as security for a debt, because that would be taking a person's livelihood as security.

New Living Translation
“It is wrong to take a set of millstones, or even just the upper millstone, as security for a loan, for the owner uses it to make a living.

English Standard Version
“No one shall take a mill or an upper millstone in pledge, for that would be taking a life in pledge.

Berean Study Bible
Do not take a pair of millstones or even an upper millstone as security for a debt, because that would be taking one’s livelihood as security.

King James Bible
No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

New King James Version
“No man shall take the lower or the upper millstone in pledge, for he takes one’s living in pledge.

New American Standard Bible
“No one shall seize a handmill or an upper millstone as a pledge for a loan, since he would be seizing the debtor’s means of life as a pledge.

NASB 1995
"No one shall take a handmill or an upper millstone in pledge, for he would be taking a life in pledge.

NASB 1977
“No one shall take a handmill or an upper millstone in pledge, for he would be taking a life in pledge.

Amplified Bible
“No one shall take a handmill or an upper millstone [used to grind grain into bread] as security [for a debt], for he would be taking a [person’s] life in pledge.

Christian Standard Bible
“Do not take a pair of grindstones or even the upper millstone as security for a debt, because that is like taking a life as security.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not take a pair of millstones or an upper millstone as security for a debt, because that is like taking a life as security."

American Standard Version
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou shalt not take for a pledge the under millstone, nor the upper millstone; for he who does so takes life for a pledge.

Contemporary English Version
When you lend money to people, you are allowed to keep something of theirs as a guarantee that they will pay back the loan. But don't take one or both of their millstones, or else they may starve. They need these stones for grinding grain into flour to make bread.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not take the nether, nor the upper millstone to pledge: for he hath pledged his life to thee.

English Revised Version
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

Good News Translation
"When you lend someone something, you are not to take as security his millstones used for grinding his grain. This would take away the family's means of preparing food to stay alive.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never let a family's handmill for grinding flour-or even part of a handmill-be taken to guarantee a loan. The family wouldn't be able to prepare food in order to stay alive.

International Standard Version
"Don't take a pair of millstones, especially the upper millstone, as collateral for a loan, because this means taking a man's livelihood.

JPS Tanakh 1917
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

Literal Standard Version
No one takes millstones and rider in pledge, for it [is one’s] life he is taking in pledge.

NET Bible
One must not take either lower or upper millstones as security on a loan, for that is like taking a life itself as security.

New Heart English Bible
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he takes a life in pledge.

World English Bible
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he takes [a man's] life to pledge.

Young's Literal Translation
None doth take in pledge millstones, and rider, for life it is he is taking in pledge.

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
Additional Laws
6Do not take a pair of millstones or even an upper millstone as security for a debt, because that would be taking one’s livelihood as security. 7If a man is caught kidnapping one of his Israelite brothers, whether he treats him as a slave or sells him, the kidnapper must die. So you must purge the evil from among you.…

Cross References
Matthew 24:41
Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left.

Exodus 22:26
If you take your neighbor's cloak as collateral, return it to him by sunset,

Deuteronomy 24:5
If a man is newly married, he must not be sent to war or be pressed into any duty. For one year he is free to stay at home and bring joy to the wife he has married.

Deuteronomy 24:7
If a man is caught kidnapping one of his Israelite brothers, whether he treats him as a slave or sells him, the kidnapper must die. So you must purge the evil from among you.

Job 22:6
For you needlessly demanded security from your brothers and deprived the naked of their clothing.


Treasury of Scripture

No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he takes a man's life to pledge.

Exodus 22:26,27
If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: …

Revelation 18:22
And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee;

life

Deuteronomy 20:19
When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down (for the tree of the field is man's life) to employ them in the siege:

Genesis 44:30
Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life;

Luke 12:15
And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.









(6) The nether or the upper millstone.--Literally, the two millstones, or even the upper one.

A man's life.--Literally, a soul. This word connects the two verses (6, 7).

Verses 6-14. - Various prohibitions. Verse 6. - No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge; rather, the hand mill and the upper millstone (literally, the rider) shall not be taken (literally, one shall not take) in pledge. Neither the mill itself nor the upper millstone, the removal of which would render the mill useless, was to be taken. The upper millstone is still called the rider by the Arabs (Hebrew reehebh, Arabic rekkab). For he taketh a man's life to pledge; or for (thereby) life itself is pledged; if a man were deprived of that by which food for the sustaining of life could be prepared, his life itself would be imperiled (cf. Job 22:6; Proverbs 22:27; Amos 2:8).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
Do not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

take a pair of millstones
רֵחַ֖יִם (rê·ḥa·yim)
Noun - md
Strong's Hebrew 7347: A mill-stone

or even an upper millstone
וָרָ֑כֶב (wā·rā·ḵeḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7393: A vehicle, a team, cavalry, a rider, the upper millstone

as security for a debt,
יַחֲבֹ֥ל (ya·ḥă·ḇōl)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2254: To wind tightly, to bind, a pledge, to pervert, destroy, to writhe in pain

because
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

that would be
ה֥וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

taking one’s livelihood
נֶ֖פֶשׁ (ne·p̄eš)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

as security.
חֹבֵֽל׃ (ḥō·ḇêl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2254: To wind tightly, to bind, a pledge, to pervert, destroy, to writhe in pain


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 24:6 No man shall take the mill (Deut. De Du)
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