Deuteronomy 24:17
New International Version
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

New Living Translation
“True justice must be given to foreigners living among you and to orphans, and you must never accept a widow’s garment as security for her debt.

English Standard Version
“You shall not pervert the justice due to the sojourner or to the fatherless, or take a widow’s garment in pledge,

Berean Study Bible
Do not deny justice to the foreigner or the fatherless, and do not take a widow’s cloak as security.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

New King James Version
“You shall not pervert justice due the stranger or the fatherless, nor take a widow’s garment as a pledge.

New American Standard Bible
“You shall not pervert the justice due a stranger or an orphan, nor seize a widow’s garment as a pledge.

NASB 1995
“You shall not pervert the justice due an alien or an orphan, nor take a widow’s garment in pledge.

NASB 1977
“You shall not pervert the justice due an alien or an orphan, nor take a widow’s garment in pledge.

Amplified Bible
“You shall not pervert the justice due a stranger or an orphan, nor seize (impound) a widow’s garment as security [for a loan].

Christian Standard Bible
Do not deny justice to a resident alien or fatherless child, and do not take a widow’s garment as security.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not deny justice to a foreigner or fatherless child, and do not take a widow’s garment as security.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not wrest the justice due to the sojourner, or to the fatherless, nor take the widow's raiment to pledge;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You shall not divert the justice of a settler or of an orphan and do not take the cloak of a widow as security:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of the stranger and the fatherless, and widow; thou shalt not take the widow's garment for a pledge.

Contemporary English Version
Make sure that orphans and foreigners are treated fairly. And if you lend money to a widow and want to keep something of hers to guarantee that she will pay you back, don't take any of her clothes.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger nor of the fatherless, neither shalt thou take away the widow's raiment for a pledge.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take the widow's raiment to pledge:

Good News Translation
"Do not deprive foreigners and orphans of their rights; and do not take a widow's garment as security for a loan.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never deprive foreigners and orphans of justice. And never take widows' clothes to guarantee a loan.

International Standard Version
"Don't deny justice to a foreigner or to an orphan, nor take a widow's garment as collateral for a loan.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not pervert the justice due to the stranger, or to the fatherless; nor take the widow's raiment to pledge.

Literal Standard Version
You do not turn aside the judgment of a fatherless sojourner, nor take the garment of a widow in pledge;

NET Bible
You must not pervert justice due a resident foreigner or an orphan, or take a widow's garment as security for a loan.

New Heart English Bible
You shall not deprive the foreigner, or the fatherless of justice, nor take a widow's clothing in pledge;

World English Bible
You shall not wrest the justice [due] to the foreigner, [or] to the fatherless, nor take the widow's clothing to pledge;

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not turn aside the judgment of a fatherless sojourner, nor take in pledge the garment of a widow;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Additional Laws
16Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor children for their fathers; each is to die for his own sin. 17Do not deny justice to the foreigner or the fatherless, and do not take a widow’s cloak as security. 18Remember that you were slaves in Egypt, and the LORD your God redeemed you from that place. Therefore I am commanding you to do this.…

Cross References
Exodus 22:22
You must not mistreat any widow or orphan.

Exodus 23:2
You shall not follow the crowd in wrongdoing. When you testify in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd.

Exodus 23:9
Do not oppress a foreign resident, since you yourselves know how it feels to be foreigners; for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

Leviticus 19:33
When a foreigner resides with you in your land, you must not oppress him.

Deuteronomy 1:17
Show no partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be intimidated by anyone, for judgment belongs to God. And bring to me any case too difficult for you, and I will hear it."

Deuteronomy 10:17
For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, mighty, and awesome God, showing no partiality and accepting no bribe.

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not deny justice or show partiality. Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the righteous.


Treasury of Scripture

You shall not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

pervert

Deuteronomy 16:19
Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.

Deuteronomy 27:19
Cursed be he that perverteth the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Exodus 22:21,22
Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt…

nor take

Exodus 22:26,27
If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: …









(17-22) The stranger, the fatherless, and the widow--are the subject of all the laws in these verses. For the first two (Deuteronomy 24:17-18), see Exodus 22:22-24. As to the harvest, see Leviticus 23:22. It is noticeable that this law is connected with the Feast of Pentecost in that place. Never was such care for the widow and the poor manifested as after the day of Pentecost in the New Testament. When "great grace was upon them all," it is written that "neither was there any among them that lacked."

In a very special way and for some special reason, all through the Old Testament, "the Lord careth for the stranger." What the reason is, if we had the Old Testament only, we might find it hard to discover. But when we open the New Testament, we may see that this is one aspect of the love of God the Father to His Son Jesus Christ, who was one day to come among us as "a stranger," when there was "no room for Him in the inn." His coming hither as a stranger could not be unnoticed. And, therefore, the name and mention of the stranger all through the Old Testament is like a path strewn with flowers, in expectation of the coming of one that is greatly beloved. We see angels walking upon the earth, entertained as strangers. The wealthy patriarch, a "prince of God" among the Canaanites, confesses himself a "stranger and pilgrim on the earth." Those that inherit the land are put in the same category, "Ye are strangers and sojourners with Me." The stranger sits beside the Levite at Israel's table. The second great commandment is rehearsed again for his especial benefit. "He shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself." There is only one key to all this combination of tenderness. "I was a stranger, and ye took me in."

(18,22) Thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt.--An exhortation thoroughly in place here, in the writings of Moses. In this form it occurs repeatedly in the Pentateuch, but not elsewhere. It is not the language which would naturally suggest itself to the prophets of later times.

Verses 17, 18. - The law against perverting the right of strangers, widows, and orphans is here repeated from Exodus 22:20, 21; Exodus 23:9, with the addition that the raiment of the widow was not to be taken in pledge. To enforce this, the people are reminded that they themselves as a nation had been in the condition of strangers and bondmen in Egypt (cf. Leviticus 19:33, 34).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Do not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

deny
תַטֶּ֔ה (ṯaṭ·ṭeh)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5186: To stretch out, spread out, extend, incline, bend

justice
מִשְׁפַּ֖ט (miš·paṭ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

to the foreigner
גֵּ֣ר (gêr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1616: A guest, a foreigner

or the fatherless,
יָת֑וֹם (yā·ṯō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3490: A bereaved person

and do not
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

take a widow’s
אַלְמָנָֽה׃ (’al·mā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 490: A widow, a desolate place

cloak
בֶּ֖גֶד (be·ḡeḏ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 899: A covering, clothing, treachery, pillage

as security.
תַחֲבֹ֔ל (ṯa·ḥă·ḇōl)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 2254: To wind tightly, to bind, a pledge, to pervert, destroy, to writhe in pain


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Account Alien Cause Cloak Clothing Country Deprive Due Judging Judgment Justice Orphan Pervert Pledge Raiment Sojourner Strange Stranger Turn Upright Widow Widow's Wrest
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OT Law: Deuteronomy 24:17 You shall not wrest the justice due (Deut. De Du)
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