Job 24:3
New International Version
They drive away the orphan’s donkey and take the widow’s ox in pledge.

New Living Translation
They take the orphan’s donkey and demand the widow’s ox as security for a loan.

English Standard Version
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless; they take the widow’s ox for a pledge.

Berean Study Bible
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless and take the widow’s ox in pledge.

King James Bible
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

New King James Version
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless; They take the widow’s ox as a pledge.

New American Standard Bible
“They drive away the donkeys of orphans; They seize the widow’s ox as a pledge.

NASB 1995
“They drive away the donkeys of the orphans; They take the widow’s ox for a pledge.

NASB 1977
“They drive away the donkeys of the orphans; They take the widow’s ox for a pledge.

Amplified Bible
“They drive away the donkeys of the orphans; They take the widow’s ox for a pledge.

Christian Standard Bible
They drive away the donkeys owned by the fatherless and take the widow’s ox as collateral.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They drive away the donkeys owned by the fatherless and take the widow’s ox as collateral.

American Standard Version
They drive away the ass of the fatherless; They take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And male donkeys of orphans they have taken and they pawn the ox of a widow

Brenton Septuagint Translation
They have led away, the ass of the fatherless, and taken the widow's ox for a pledge.

Contemporary English Version
They cheat orphans and widows by taking their donkeys and oxen.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have driven away the ass of the fatherless, and have taken away the widow's ox for a pledge.

English Revised Version
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Good News Translation
They take donkeys that belong to orphans, and keep a widow's ox till she pays her debts.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They drive away the orphan's donkey. They take the widow's ox as security for a loan.

International Standard Version
They drive away the orphan's donkey; they take the ox of the widow as security for a loan;

JPS Tanakh 1917
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, They take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Literal Standard Version
They lead away the donkey of the fatherless, They take in pledge the ox of the widow,

NET Bible
They drive away the orphan's donkey; they take the widow's ox as a pledge.

New Heart English Bible
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless, and they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

World English Bible
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless, and they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Young's Literal Translation
The ass of the fatherless they lead away, They take in pledge the ox of the widow,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Job: Judgment for the Wicked
2Men move boundary stones; they pasture stolen flocks. 3They drive away the donkey of the fatherless and take the widow’s ox in pledge. 4They push the needy off the road and force all the poor of the land into hiding.…

Cross References
Exodus 22:26
If you take your neighbor's cloak as collateral, return it to him by sunset,

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deny justice to the foreigner or the fatherless, and do not take a widow's cloak as security.

Job 6:27
You would even cast lots for an orphan and barter away your friend.

Job 22:6
For you needlessly demanded security from your brothers and deprived the naked of their clothing.

Job 22:9
You sent widows away empty-handed, and the strength of the fatherless was crushed.


Treasury of Scripture

They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

drive

Job 22:6-9
For thou hast taken a pledge from thy brother for nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing…

Job 31:16,17
If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; …

Deuteronomy 24:6,10-13,17-21
No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge…









(3) They drive away the ass.--The ass and the ox, the fatherless and the widow presumably having no more than one. He first describes the oppression of the country, and then that of the city (Job 24:12). We seem here to catch a glimpse of the sufferings of some oppressed and subject aboriginal race, such as the Canaanites may have been to the Jews, though there is probably no allusion to them. But, at all events, the writer and the speaker seem to have been familiar with some such abject and servile race, who haunted the desert and suffered at the hands of the more powerful tribes. Man's inhumanity to man is, unhappily, a crime of very long standing.

Verse 3 - They drive away the ass of the fatherless. This was another form of oppression. "Whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed?" says Samuel, on laying down his judgeship (1 Samuel 12:3). The "fatherless" were particularly liable to such ill treatment, seeing that they had lost their natural protector. They take the widow's ox for a pledge. It may be true that this was nowhere a legal offence, not even among the Hebrews (Lee); but it was a real act of oppression, and forms a fitting counterpart to the injury done to the orphan. (On the natural tendency of selfish men to bear hard on these two classes, see Exodus 22:22; Deuteronomy 24:17; Deuteronomy 27:19; Psalm 94:6; Isaiah 1:23; Isaiah 10:2; Jeremiah 5:28; Zechariah 7:10.)

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
They drive away
יִנְהָ֑גוּ (yin·hā·ḡū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5090: To drive forth, lead, carry away, to proceed, to sigh

the donkey
חֲמ֣וֹר (ḥă·mō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2543: A male ass

of the fatherless
יְתוֹמִ֣ים (yə·ṯō·w·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3490: A bereaved person

and take the widow’s
אַלְמָנָֽה׃ (’al·mā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 490: A widow, a desolate place

ox
שׁ֣וֹר (šō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

in pledge.
יַ֝חְבְּל֗וּ (yaḥ·bə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 2254: To wind tightly, to bind, a pledge, to pervert, destroy, to writhe in pain


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OT Poetry: Job 24:3 They drive away the donkey (Jb)
Job 24:2
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