And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind,
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Leviticus 11:13, excepting one, "the glede", Deuteronomy 14:13 which is a kind of kite or puttock; the Jerusalem Targum renders it the vulture, and the Targum of Jonathan the white "dayetha" or vulture; and Aristotle says (q) there are two sorts of vultures, the one small and whiter, the other larger and of many forms or colours; in Hebrew its name here is "raah", and is thought to be the same with "daah" in Leviticus 11:14 there translated the "vulture", which has its name there from flying, and here from seeing, for which it is remarkable; see Job 28:7 and the letters and are pretty much alike, and are sometimes changed, but there is another here, in Deuteronomy 14:13 mentioned, the "dayah", which is not mentioned in Leviticus 11:1, though some think it the same with the "ayah", rendered both here and there the "kite"; perhaps it means another sort of vulture, the black vulture, as the Targum of Jonathan. And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckoo, and the hawk after his kind,
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)15. ostrich] bath hay-ya‘aneh either daughter of greed or of the plain; Arabs call it father of the plains; they eat the breast (Doughty, i. 132 f.). LXX, στρουθός.
night hawk] taḥmas (violence; Ar. zalîm also means both violence and ostrich). Some take it as the male ostrich. Tristram (90): the barn-owl, strix flammea. LXX, γλᾶυξ.
seamew] shahaph, LXX, λάρος, cormorant; gull (Post, Hastings’ D.B.); sterna fluviatilis, tern (Tr. 135).
hawk] neṣ, LXX, ἱέραξ. Tristram (106): generic for all small hawks, such as sparrow-hawk (accipiter nisus, 106), kestrel, etc.Leviticus 11 relating to clean and unclean animals are repeated in all essential points in vv. 4-20 (for the exposition, see at Leviticus 11); also in Deuteronomy 14:21 the prohibition against eating any animal that had fallen down dead (as in Exodus 32:30 and Leviticus 17:15), and against boiling a kid in its mother's milk (as in Exodus 23:19).
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