This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there to you.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
38. two lambs of the first year day by day continually—The sacred preliminaries being completed, Moses was instructed in the end or design to which these preparations were subservient, namely, the worship of God; and hence the institution of the morning and evening sacrifice. The institution was so imperative, that in no circumstances was this daily oblation to be dispensed with; and the due observance of it would secure the oft-promised grace and blessing of their heavenly King.
1. At which door, for there the Lord stood and talked with Moses, Exodus 33:9,10. Or rather,
2. In which tabernacle, to wit, in the innermost part of it, because that was the principal place where God did ordinarily reside and meet with his people, Exodus 30:6 Leviticus 16:2; whereas God met but once at the door of the tabernacle, and that with Moses only, not with the people, with whom he is said to meet in this place, Exodus 29:43. Add to this, that the place where God meets them is the same place which is sanctified by his glory, and that was the tabernacle, Exodus 29:43, as it is expressed in our translation, and sufficiently implied in the Hebrew, by a common ellipsis of the pronoun it, i. e. that place where I meet with you, to wit, the tabernacle, shall be, &c.
at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the Lord; that is, upon the altar of burnt offering which stood there, see Exodus 40:29,
where I will meet you to speak there unto thee; to accept of their sacrifices, give further directions of what was to be done, and answers to inquiries made of him in matters of moment and difficulty. Jarchi observes, that some of their Rabbins conclude from hence, that the holy blessed God spoke with Moses from off the altar of brass, after the tabernacle was set up; but others say from off the mercy seat, as in Exodus 25:22.This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)42. a continual burnt offering] i.e. a burnt-offering recurring regularly: so Numbers 28:3; Numbers 28:6; Numbers 28:10; Numbers 28:15 al., Ezekiel 46:15. The same word continual (or continually) is also used often besides, esp. in P, of standing institutions of the theocracy, as Exodus 25:30 Heb., Exodus 27:20 (see the note), Exodus 28:29-30; Exodus 28:38; Exodus 30:8 al.
throughout your generations] see on Exodus 12:14.
where] i.e. in the Tent of Meeting; cf. Exodus 25:22, Exodus 30:36. For you, Sam. LXX. have thee, as in these passages. The clause beginning here leads on to vv. 43–46.Verse 42. - Throughout your generations. Rather, "for your generations." The tabernacle of the congregation. Rather, "of meeting" - "the tabernacle of meeting, where I will meet you." The verb and substantive are modifications of the same word, ועד. It is this passage which definitely fixes the meaning of the phrase incorrectly rendered "the tabernacle of the congregation" by our translators.
CHAPTER 29:43-46 Leviticus 1-7. It will be more advisable therefore to defer the examination of this ceremony till we come to Leviticus 8, where the consecration itself is described. The same may also be said of the expiation and anointing of the altar, which are commanded in Exodus 29:36 and Exodus 29:37, and carried out in Leviticus 8:11.
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