Ezekiel 40:40
And at the side without, as one goes up to the entry of the north gate, were two tables; and on the other side, which was at the porch of the gate, were two tables.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(40) At the side without.—If there could be any doubt that this means in the outer court, it would be removed by the explanation “as one goeth up,” lit., at this ascent. These tables were of stone (Ezekiel 40:42), and they stood, two on each side, just in advance of the steps, for the purpose (Ezekiel 40:42) of slaying the sacrifices upon them.

40:1-49 The Vision of the Temple. - Here is a vision, beginning at ch. 40, and continued to the end of the book, ch. 48, which is justly looked upon to be one of the most difficult portions in all the book of God. When we despair to be satisfied as to any difficulty we meet with, let us bless God that our salvation does not depend upon it, but that things necessary are plain enough; and let us wait till God shall reveal even this unto us. This chapter describes two outward courts of the temple. Whether the personage here mentioned was the Son of God, or a created angel, is not clear. But Christ is both our Altar and our Sacrifice, to whom we must look with faith in all approaches to God; and he is Salvation in the midst of the earth, Ps 74:12, to be looked unto from all quarters.On either side of the entrance of the north gate (from the inner court), were two tables on the one side and two tables on the other side of the porch. 38. chambers … entries—literally, "a chamber and its door."

by the posts—that is, at or close by the posts or columns.

where they washed the burnt offering—This does not apply to all the gates but only to the north gate. For Le 1:11 directs the sacrifices to be killed north of the altar; and Eze 8:5 calls the north gate, "the gate of the altar." And Eze 40:40 particularly mentions the north gate.

On the right hand without, and probably in the open air, or else under the cloister that went eastward, stood two, and on the left hand two, in like manner, for the same end and use, to slay the sacrifices. And at the side without, as one goeth up to the entry of the north gate, were two tables,.... Or, "the door of the north gate" (p); not the first, upon coming up the eight steps; but passing through that gate, and along the porch where the three little chambers and the two tables on each side were, before mentioned; and coming to the inmost gate, which opens directly into the inward court, on the outside of that towards the altar, were two other tables, for the same use as before:

and on the other side, which was at the porch of the gate, were two tables; there were two on one side of the gate, and two on the other, that is, the last gate of the porch, in all eight tables; four within the spaces between the little chambers in the porch, and four as you come out of it, on each side of the last gate.

(p) "ad ostium portae aquilonaris", Junius & Tremellius. So Cocceius and Starckius.

And at the side without, as one goeth up to the entry of the north gate, were two tables; and on the other side, which was at the porch of the gate, were two tables.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
40. at the side without] Side, lit. shoulder, is used generally of the side of the gate projecting lengthways into the court (Ezekiel 40:18), or of the side lengthways of a wall (Ezekiel 41:2). According to this interpretation the tables would be at the sides of the gate in the inner court. Others think that the “shoulders” might be the front parts of the gate-building on either side of the steps leading up to it, and that thus the tables would stand in the outer court, two at each angle formed by the steps and the front of the gate. This use of “shoulder” is less natural, but cf. Ezekiel 47:1-2; 1 Kings 7:39.

as one goeth up … north gate] For as one goeth up (oleh) might be read at the stairs (olah, as R. V. mar.). The difficulty lies in the word north or northwards. A.V. renders “the north gate” which is most natural. Others think of the E. gate and render: and on the side without, on the N. as one goeth up to the entry of the gate, i.e. on the left hand of the person going up. But this is extremely improbable. Such a designation of the left hand of a person has no examples, besides that here the word “north” is too far distant from the other word “one going up.” A possible rendering would be: by the stair, at the entry to the gate northwards, i.e. on the N. side of the entry (Leviticus 1:11). On the whole “the N. gate” of A.V. is most probable, but the language hardly decides which gate is meant. See after Ezekiel 40:43.

side which was at the porch] side of the porch, lit. belonging to the porch.
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