Jeremiah 26:6
Then will I make this house like Shiloh, and will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth.
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(6) I will make this house like Shiloh.—See Notes on Jeremiah 7:14. The surprise and anger with which the announcement was received indicate that it was now heard for the first time, and so far confirms the view that we have here a summary of the discourse given in extenso, and probably edited, as it were, with many additions, in Jeremiah 7-10

26:1-6 God's ambassadors must not seek to please men, or to save themselves from harm. See how God waits to be gracious. If they persisted in disobedience, it would ruin their city and temple. Can any thing else be expected? Those who will not be subject to the commands of God, make themselves subject to the curse of God.Jeremiah 26 is a narrative of the danger to which Jeremiah was exposed by reason of the prophecy contained in Jeremiah 7 and should be read in connection with it. Jeremiah 26:4-6 contain a summary of the prediction contained in Jeremiah 7, and that again is but an outline of what was a long address. 6. like Shiloh—(see on [933]Jer 7:12, 14; 1Sa 4:10-12; Ps 78:60).

curse—(Jer 24:9; Isa 65:15).

Shiloh was the city where the tabernacle was pitched, and the ark, the symbol of God’s presence, was, Judges 18:31 21:19 1 Samuel 1:3,9,24 3:21. Out of it the ark was carried, 1 Samuel 4:3, when it was taken by the Philistines, and was carried no more thither, but rested in Kirjath-jearim, 1 Samuel 7:2, where it rested twenty years. David fetched it from thence, 2 Samuel 6:2. So that, as the psalmist tells us, Psalm 78:60,61, God forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh; here he threateneth to do the like as to the temple, because of which they had such a confidence. Jeremiah, Jeremiah 7:12, had spoken much the same thing; it is a threatening that God would deprive them of his ordinances. To which he addeth a threatening of destruction to the city, to that degree, that when men should curse any place, they should say, God do unto thee as he did to Jerusalem. We had the like phrase Jeremiah 24:9, and have it again Jeremiah 29:18,22, &c. Then will I make this house like Shiloh,.... Where the ark was until it was taken by the Philistines; and then the Lord forsook his tabernacle there, Psalm 78:60; and so he threatens to do the like to the temple at Jerusalem, should they continue in their disobedience to him; See Gill on Jeremiah 7:12 and See Gill on Jeremiah 7:14;

and will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth; that is, the city of Jerusalem, which should be taken up, and used proverbially in all countries; who, when they would curse anyone, should say, the Lord make thee as Jerusalem, or do unto thee as he has done to Jerusalem.

Then will I make this house like {d} Shiloh, and will make this city {e} a curse to all the nations of the earth.

(d) See Geneva Jer 7:12

(e) So that when they would curse any, they will say, God do to you as to Jerusalem.

6. Shiloh] See on Jeremiah 7:12.

will make this city a curse to] will make all nations use it as an example when imprecating curses on their enemies. Cp. Jeremiah 24:9 and contrast Genesis 12:3; Genesis 22:18.The prophet is already hearing in spirit the lamentation to which in Jeremiah 25:34 he has called them, because Jahveh has laid waste the pastures of the shepherds and their flocks, and destroyed the peaceful meadows by the heat of His anger. - In Jeremiah 25:38, finally, the discourse is rounded off by a repetition and expansion of the thought with which the description of the judgment was begun in Jeremiah 25:30. As a young lion forsakes his covert to seek for prey, so Jahveh has gone forth out of His heavenly habitation to hold judgment on the people; for their (the shepherds') land becomes a desert. The perff. are prophetic. כּי has grounding force. The desolation of the land gives proof that the Lord has arisen to do judgment. חרון היּונה seems strange, since the adjective היּונה never occurs independently, but only in connection with חרב (Jeremiah 46:16; Jeremiah 50:16, and with עיר, Zechariah 3:1). חרון, again, is regularly joined with 'אף י, and only three times besides with a suffix referring to Jahveh (Exodus 15:7; Psalm 2:5; Ezekiel 7:14). In this we find justification for the conjecture of Hitz., Ew., Gr., etc., that we should read with the lxx and Chald. חרב . The article with the adj. after the subst. without one, here and in Jeremiah 46:16; Jeremiah 50:16, is to be explained by the looseness of connection between the participle and its noun; cf. Ew. ֗335, a.
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