Wesley's Notes on the Bible
Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery.
Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.
For this was a statute for Israel, and a law of the God of Jacob.
This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.
81:5 Joseph - Among the people of Israel. Testimony - For a witness of that glorious deliverance. He - God. Went - As a captain at the head of his people. Egypt - To execute his judgments upon that land. I - My progenitors, for all the successive generations of Israel make one body, and are sometimes spoken of as one person. A language - The Egyptian language, which at first was unknown to the Israelites, Gen 42:13, and probably continued so for some considerable time, because they were much separated both in place and conversation from the Egyptians.
I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots.
81:6 Pots - This word denotes all those vessels wherein they carried water, straw, lime, or bricks.
Thou calledst in trouble, and I delivered thee; I answered thee in the secret place of thunder: I proved thee at the waters of Meribah. Selah.
81:7 Calledst - At the Red Sea. Secret place - From the dark and cloudy pillar, whence I thundered against the Egyptians.
Hear, O my people, and I will testify unto thee: O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto me;
81:8 Testify - This God did presently after he brought them from Meribah, even at Sinai.
There shall no strange god be in thee; neither shalt thou worship any strange god.
I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it.
81:10 Wide - Either to pray for mercies, or to receive the mercies which I am ready to give you.
But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me.
So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.
Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, and Israel had walked in my ways!
I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries.
The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves unto him: but their time should have endured for ever.
81:15 Him - Unto Israel. Their time - Their happy time.
He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied thee.
81:16 Honey - With all pleasant and precious fruits.