Abraham's Justification by Faith
(Genesis 15:1-7; Galatians 3:1-9; Hebrews 11:8-19; James 2:14-26)
1WHAT shall we say then that Abraham hath found, who is our father according to the flesh. 2For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory, but not before God. 3For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him unto justice. 4Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned according to grace, but according to debt. 5But to him that worketh not, yet believeth in him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is reputed to justice, according to the purpose of the grace of God. 6As David also termeth the blessedness of a man, to whom God reputeth justice without works:
7Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
8Blessed is the man to whom the Lord hath not imputed sin.
9This blessedness then, doth it remain in the circumcision only, or in the uncircumcision also? For we say that unto Abraham faith was reputed to justice. 10How then was it reputed? When he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. 11And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the justice of the faith, which he had, being uncircumcised; that he might be the father of all them that believe, being uncircumcised, that unto them also it may be reputed to justice: 12And might be the father of circumcision; not to them only, that are of the circumcision, but to them also that follow the steps of the faithful, that is in the uncircumcision of our father Abraham.
Abraham Receives the Promise
(Genesis 15:8-21; Numbers 34:1-15)
13For not through the law was the promise to Abraham, or to his seed, that he should be heir of the world; but through the justice of faith. 14For if they who are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, the promise is made of no effect. 15For the law worketh wrath. For where there is no law, neither is there transgression.
16Therefore is it of faith, that according to grace the promise might be firm to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, 17(As it is written: I have made thee a father of many nations,) before God, whom he believed, who quickeneth the dead; and calleth those things that are not, as those that are. 18Who against hope believed in hope; that he might be made the father of many nations, according to that which was said to him: So shall thy seed be. 19And he was not weak in faith; neither did he consider his own body now dead, whereas he was almost an hundred years old, nor the dead womb of Sara. 20In the promise also of God he staggered not by distrust; but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God: 21Most fully knowing, that whatsoever he has promised, he is able also to perform. 22And therefore it was reputed to him unto justice. 23Now it is not written only for him, that it was reputed to him unto justice, 24But also for us, to whom it shall be reputed, if we believe in him, that raised up Jesus Christ, our Lord, from the dead, 25Who was delivered up for our sins, and rose again for our justification.