1 Samuel 2:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now the sons of Eli were worthless men. They did not know the LORD.

King James Bible
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

American Standard Version
Now the sons of Eli were base men; they knew not Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now the sons of Heli were children of Belial, not knowing the Lord,

English Revised Version
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

1 Samuel 2:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

שׂבעים are the rich and well to do; these would become so poor as to be obliged to hire themselves out for bread. חדל, to cease to be what they were before. The use of עד as a conjunction, in the sense of "yea" or "in fact," may be explained as an elliptical expression, signifying "it comes to this, that." "Seven children" are mentioned as the full number of the divine blessing in children (see Ruth 4:15). "The mother of many children" pines away, because she has lost all her sons, and with them her support in her old age (see Jeremiah 15:9). This comes from the Lord, who kills, etc. (cf. Deuteronomy 32:39). The words of 1 Samuel 2:6 are figurative. God hurls down into death and the danger of death, and also rescues therefrom (see Psalm 30:3-4). The first three clauses of 1 Samuel 2:8 are repeated verbatim in Psalm 113:7-8. Dust and the dunghill are figures used to denote the deepest degradation and ignominy. The antithesis to this is, sitting upon the chair or throne of glory, the seat occupied by noble princes. The Lord does all this, for He is the creator and upholder of the world. The pillars (מצקי, from צוּק equals יצק) of the earth are the Lord's; i.e., they were created or set up by Him, and by Him they are sustained. Now as Jehovah, the God of Israel, the Holy One, governs the world with His almighty power, the righteous have nothing to fear. With this thought the last strophe of the song begins:

1 Samuel 2:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The sons

Hosea 4:6-9 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you...

Malachi 2:1-9 And now, O you priests, this commandment is for you...

sons of Belial

1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his peace.

1 Samuel 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what you will do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household...

Deuteronomy 13:13 Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying...

Judges 19:22 Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, certain sons of Belial, beset the house round about...

1 Kings 21:10,13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, You did blaspheme God and the king...

2 Corinthians 6:15 And what concord has Christ with Belial? or what part has he that believes with an infidel?

knew

1 Samuel 3:7 Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the LORD yet revealed to him.

Judges 2:10 And also all that generation were gathered to their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD...

Jeremiah 2:8 The priests said not, Where is the LORD? and they that handle the law knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me...

Jeremiah 22:16 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? said the LORD.

John 8:55 Yet you have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like to you: but I know him...

John 16:3 And these things will they do to you, because they have not known the Father, nor me.

John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.

Romans 1:21,28-30 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations...

Cross References
2 Corinthians 6:15
What accord has Christ with Belial? Or what portion does a believer share with an unbeliever?

Judges 2:10
And all that generation also were gathered to their fathers. And there arose another generation after them who did not know the LORD or the work that he had done for Israel.

Judges 19:22
As they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, worthless fellows, surrounded the house, beating on the door. And they said to the old man, the master of the house, "Bring out the man who came into your house, that we may know him."

1 Samuel 3:13
And I declare to him that I am about to punish his house forever, for the iniquity that he knew, because his sons were blaspheming God, and he did not restrain them.

1 Kings 21:10
And set two worthless men opposite him, and let them bring a charge against him, saying, 'You have cursed God and the king.' Then take him out and stone him to death."

Jeremiah 2:8
The priests did not say, 'Where is the LORD?' Those who handle the law did not know me; the shepherds transgressed against me; the prophets prophesied by Baal and went after things that do not profit.

Jeremiah 9:3
They bend their tongue like a bow; falsehood and not truth has grown strong in the land; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they do not know me, declares the LORD.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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