1 Samuel 2:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Eli's sons were scoundrels; they had no regard for the LORD.

King James Bible
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

Darby Bible Translation
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not Jehovah.

World English Bible
Now the sons of Eli were base men; they didn't know Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
and the sons of Eli are sons of worthlessness, they have not known Jehovah.

1 Samuel 2:12 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The sons of Eli were sons of Belial - They were perverse, wicked, profligate men; devil's children. They knew not the Lord.

"They know! nor would an angel show Him; They would not know, nor choose to know Him."

These men were the principal cause of all the ungodliness of Israel. Their most execrable conduct, described 1 Samuel 2:13-17, caused the people to abhor the Lord's offering. An impious priesthood is the grand cause of the transgressions and ruin of any nation; witness France, Germany, Spain, Ac., from 1792 to 1814.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The sons

Hosea 4:6-9 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you...

Malachi 2:1-9 And now, O you priests, this commandment is for you...

sons of Belial

1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his peace.

1 Samuel 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what you will do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household...

Deuteronomy 13:13 Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying...

Judges 19:22 Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, certain sons of Belial, beset the house round about...

1 Kings 21:10,13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, You did blaspheme God and the king...

2 Corinthians 6:15 And what concord has Christ with Belial? or what part has he that believes with an infidel?

knew

1 Samuel 3:7 Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the LORD yet revealed to him.

Judges 2:10 And also all that generation were gathered to their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD...

Jeremiah 2:8 The priests said not, Where is the LORD? and they that handle the law knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me...

Jeremiah 22:16 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? said the LORD.

John 8:55 Yet you have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like to you: but I know him...

John 16:3 And these things will they do to you, because they have not known the Father, nor me.

John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.

Romans 1:21,28-30 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations...

Library
The Child Prophet
'And the child Samuel ministered unto the Lord before Eli. And the word of the Lord was precious in those days; there was no open vision. 2. And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see; 8. And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep; 4. That the Lord called Samuel: and he answered, Here am I. 5. And he ran onto Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Though the Fore-Mentioned Eternal Moral Obligations
are incumbent indeed on all rational creatures, antecedent to any respect of particular reward or punishment, yet they must certainly and necessarily be attended with rewards and punishments: Because the same reasons, which prove God himself to be necessarily just and good, and the rules of justice, equity, and goodness, to be his unalterable will, law, and command, to all created beings; prove also that he cannot but be pleased with and approve such creatures as imitate and obey him by observing
Samuel Clarke—A Discourse Concerning the Being and Attributes of God

Sanctification.
VI. Objections answered. I will consider those passages of scripture which are by some supposed to contradict the doctrine we have been considering. 1 Kings viii. 46: "If they sin against thee, (for there is no man that sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver them to the enemy, so that they carry them away captives unto the land of the enemy, far or near," etc. On this passage, I remark:-- 1. That this sentiment in nearly the same language, is repeated in 2 Chron. vi. 26, and in Eccl.
Charles Grandison Finney—Systematic Theology

Seventeenth Sunday after Trinity the Christian Calling and Unity.
Text: Ephesians 4, 1-6. 1 I, therefore, the prisoner in the Lord, beseech you to walk worthily of the calling wherewith ye were called, 2 with all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love; 3 giving diligence to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. 4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as also ye were called in one hope of your calling; 5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6 one God and Father of all, who is over all, and through all, and in all.
Martin Luther—Epistle Sermons, Vol. III

Cross References
2 Corinthians 6:15
What harmony is there between Christ and Belial? Or what does a believer have in common with an unbeliever?

Judges 2:10
After that whole generation had been gathered to their ancestors, another generation grew up who knew neither the LORD nor what he had done for Israel.

Judges 19:22
While they were enjoying themselves, some of the wicked men of the city surrounded the house. Pounding on the door, they shouted to the old man who owned the house, "Bring out the man who came to your house so we can have sex with him."

1 Samuel 3:13
For I told him that I would judge his family forever because of the sin he knew about; his sons blasphemed God, and he failed to restrain them.

1 Kings 21:10
But seat two scoundrels opposite him and have them bring charges that he has cursed both God and the king. Then take him out and stone him to death."

Jeremiah 2:8
The priests did not ask, 'Where is the LORD?' Those who deal with the law did not know me; the leaders rebelled against me. The prophets prophesied by Baal, following worthless idols.

Jeremiah 9:3
"They make ready their tongue like a bow, to shoot lies; it is not by truth that they triumph in the land. They go from one sin to another; they do not acknowledge me," declares the LORD.

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