1 Samuel 20:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the LORD take vengeance on David’s enemies.”

King James Bible
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.

American Standard Version
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David,'saying , And Jehovah will require it at the hand of David's enemies.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jonathan therefore made a covenant with the house of David: and the Lord required it at the hands of David's enemies.

English Revised Version
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, And the LORD shall require it at the hand of David's enemies.

Webster's Bible Translation
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.

1 Samuel 20:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To this friendly assurance David replied, "Who will tell me?" sc., how thy father expresses himself concerning me; "or what will thy father answer thee roughly?" sc., if thou shouldst attempt to do it thyself. This is the correct explanation given by De Wette and Maurer. Gesenius and Thenius, on the contrary, take או in the sense of "if perchance." But this is evidently incorrect; for even though there are certain passages in which או may be so rendered, it is only where some other case is supposed, and therefore the meaning or still lies at the foundation. These questions of David were suggested by a correct estimate of the circumstances, namely, that Saul's suspicions would leave him to the conclusion that there was some understanding between Jonathan and David, and that he would take steps in consequence to prevent Jonathan from making David acquainted with the result of his conversation with Saul.

1 Samuel 20:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

made [heb] cut

1 Samuel 18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land...

Let the Lord

1 Samuel 25:22 So and more also do God to the enemies of David...

1 Samuel 31:2 And the Philistines followed hard on Saul and on his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua...

2 Samuel 4:7,8 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him...

2 Samuel 21:8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bore to Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 23:21
"If you make a vow to the LORD your God, you shall not delay fulfilling it, for the LORD your God will surely require it of you, and you will be guilty of sin.

1 Samuel 20:42
Then Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, because we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, 'The LORD shall be between me and you, and between my offspring and your offspring, forever.'" And he rose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city.

1 Samuel 22:8
that all of you have conspired against me? No one discloses to me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse. None of you is sorry for me or discloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day."

1 Samuel 25:22
God do so to the enemies of David and more also, if by morning I leave so much as one male of all who belong to him."

Jeremiah 40:9
Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, son of Shaphan, swore to them and their men, saying, "Do not be afraid to serve the Chaldeans. Dwell in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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