1 Samuel 20:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "May the LORD call David's enemies to account."

King James Bible
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jonathan made [a covenant] with the house of David, [saying,] Let Jehovah even require [it] at the hand of David's enemies!

World English Bible
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "Yahweh will require it at the hand of David's enemies."

Young's Literal Translation
And Jonathan covenanteth with the house of David, and Jehovah hath sought it from the hand of the enemies of David;

1 Samuel 20:16 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Show me the kindness of the Lord - When thou comest to the kingdom, if I am alive, thou shalt show kindness to me, and thou shalt continue that kindness to my family after me.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

made [heb] cut

1 Samuel 18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land...

Let the Lord

1 Samuel 25:22 So and more also do God to the enemies of David...

1 Samuel 31:2 And the Philistines followed hard on Saul and on his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua...

2 Samuel 4:7,8 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him...

2 Samuel 21:8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bore to Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth...

Library
Jonathan, the Pattern of Friendship
'And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life? 2. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so. 3. And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Deuteronomy 23:21
If you make a vow to the LORD your God, do not be slow to pay it, for the LORD your God will certainly demand it of you and you will be guilty of sin.

1 Samuel 20:42
Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, for we have sworn friendship with each other in the name of the LORD, saying, 'The LORD is witness between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants forever.'" Then David left, and Jonathan went back to the town.

1 Samuel 22:8
Is that why you have all conspired against me? No one tells me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse. None of you is concerned about me or tells me that my son has incited my servant to lie in wait for me, as he does today."

1 Samuel 25:22
May God deal with David, be it ever so severely, if by morning I leave alive one male of all who belong to him!"

Jeremiah 40:9
Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, took an oath to reassure them and their men. "Do not be afraid to serve the Babylonians," he said. "Settle down in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well with you.

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