1 Samuel 22:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And he left them with the king of Moab, and they stayed with him all the time that David was in the stronghold.

King James Bible
And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.

American Standard Version
And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the stronghold.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he left them under the eyes of the king of Moab, and they abode with him all the days that David was in the hold.

English Revised Version
And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.

1 Samuel 22:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

But David took these words to heart, and was in great fear of Achish, lest he should treat him as an enemy, and kill him. In order to escape this danger, "he disguised his understanding (i.e., pretended to be out of his mind) in their eyes (i.e., before the courtiers of Achish), behaved insanely under their hands (when they tried to hold him as a madman), scribbled upon the door-wings, and let his spittle run down into his beard." The suffix to וישׁנּו is apparently superfluous, as the object, את־טעמו, follows immediately afterwards. But it may be accounted for from the circumstantiality of the conversation of every-day life, as in 2 Samuel 14:6, and (though these cases are not perfectly parallel) Exodus 2:6; Proverbs 5:22; Ezekiel 10:3 (cf. Gesenius' Gramm. 121, 6, Anm. 3). ויתו, from תּוה, to make signs, i.e., to scribble. The lxx and Vulgate render it ἐτυμπανίζειν, impingebat, he drummed, smote with his fists upon the wings of the door, which would make it appear as if they had read ויּתף (from תּפף), which seems more suitable to the condition of a madman whose saliva ran out of his mouth.

1 Samuel 22:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in the hold

2 Samuel 23:13,14 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam...

1 Chronicles 12:16 And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold to David.

Gad

2 Samuel 24:11 For when David was up in the morning, the word of the LORD came to the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying,

1 Chronicles 21:9 And the LORD spoke to Gad, David's seer, saying,

1 Chronicles 29:29 Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer...

2 Chronicles 29:25 And he set the Levites in the house of the LORD with cymbals, with psalteries, and with harps, according to the commandment of David...

depart

1 Samuel 23:1-6 Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshing floors...

Nehemiah 6:11 And I said, Should such a man as I flee? and who is there, that, being as I am, would go into the temple to save his life?...

Psalm 11:1 In the LORD put I my trust: how say you to my soul, Flee as a bird to your mountain?

Isaiah 8:12-14 Say you not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear you their fear, nor be afraid...

David departed

Matthew 10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee you into another: for truly I say to you...

Cross References
1 Samuel 22:3
And David went from there to Mizpeh of Moab. And he said to the king of Moab, "Please let my father and my mother stay with you, till I know what God will do for me."

1 Samuel 22:5
Then the prophet Gad said to David, "Do not remain in the stronghold; depart, and go into the land of Judah." So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth.

2 Samuel 8:2
And he defeated Moab and he measured them with a line, making them lie down on the ground. Two lines he measured to be put to death, and one full line to be spared. And the Moabites became servants to David and brought tribute.

2 Samuel 23:14
David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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