1 Timothy 3:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money.

King James Bible
Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;

American Standard Version
no brawler, no striker; but gentle, not contentious, no lover of money;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Not given to wine, no striker, but modest, not quarrelsome, not covetous, but

English Revised Version
no brawler, no striker; but gentle, not contentious, no lover of money;

Webster's Bible Translation
Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre, but patient; not a brawler, not covetous;

Weymouth New Testament
not a hard drinker nor given to blows; not selfish or quarrelsome or covetous;

1 Timothy 3:3 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Given to wine (πάροινον)

Only here and Titus 1:7. The verb παροινεῖν to behave ill at wine, to treat with drunken violence, is found in Xenophon, Aeschines, Aristophanes, and Aristotle. Once in lxx, Isaiah 41:12. Rev. renders brawler, which is not definite enough. Better, quarrelsome over wine. See Aristoph. Acharn. 981: παροίνιος ἀνὴρ ἔφυ which Frere renders "behaved in such a beastly way." Cicero, ad Att. x. 10, uses παροινικῶς equals insolently.

Striker (πλήκτην)

Only here and Titus 1:7. Some soften down the meaning into a pugnacious or combative person. In any case, it is a peculiar state of things which calls out such admonitions to Bishops.

Not greedy of filthy lucre

Omit.

Patient (ἐπιεικῆ)

Better, forbearing. The word occurs Philippians 4:5, and ἐπιεικία forbearance in 2 Corinthians 10:1, where it is associated with πραΰ̀της meekness. From εἰκός reasonable. Hence, not unduly rigorous; not making a determined stand for one's just due. In 1 Peter 2:18; James 3:17, it is associated with ἀγαθὸς kindly, and εὐπειθής easy to be entreated. It occurs in lxx.

Not a brawler (ἄμαχον)

Better, not contentious.

Not covetous (ἀφιλάργυρον)

Only here and Hebrews 13:5. olxx, oClass. Φιλάργυρος money-loving, Luke 16:14; 2 Timothy 3:2. Rend. not a money-lover. The word for covetous is πλεονέκτης. For the distinction see on Romans 1:29.

This admonition is cited by some writers in support of the view that the original ἐπίσκοπος was simply a financial officer. It is assumed that it was prompted by the special temptations which attached to the financial function. Admitting that the episcopal function may have included the financial interests of the church, it could not have been confined to these. It can hardly be supposed that, in associations distinctively moral and religious, one who bore the title of overseer should have been concerned only with the material side of church life.

1 Timothy 3:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Not given to wine. or, Not ready to quarrel, and offer wrong, as one in wine. ver.

1 Timothy 3:8 Likewise must the deacons be grave, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;

Leviticus 10:9 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest you die...

Isaiah 5:11,12 Woe to them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them!...

Isaiah 28:1,7 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower...

Isaiah 56:12 Come you, say they, I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day...

Ezekiel 44:21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court.

Micah 2:11 If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, saying, I will prophesy to you of wine and of strong drink...

Matthew 24:45-51 Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord has made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season...

Luke 12:42-46 And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household...

Luke 21:34-36 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life...

Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker...

Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine...

no.

2 Timothy 2:24,25 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all men, apt to teach, patient...

Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker...

not greedy.

Proverbs 1:19 So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; which takes away the life of the owners thereof.

Proverbs 15:27 He that is greedy of gain troubles his own house; but he that hates gifts shall live.

Isaiah 56:11 Yes, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way...

Jude 1:11 Woe to them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward...

filthy.

1 Timothy 3:8 Likewise must the deacons be grave, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;

1 Samuel 8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.

Titus 1:7,11 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker...

1 Peter 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre...

patient.

1 Timothy 6:11 But you, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.

Ecclesiastes 7:8 Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.

1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brothers, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men.

2 Timothy 2:24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all men, apt to teach, patient,

Revelation 1:9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ...

a brawler.

Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, showing all meekness to all men.

James 4:1 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members?

*marg:

not covetous.

1 Samuel 2:15-17 Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest...

2 Kings 5:20-27 But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master has spared Naaman this Syrian...

Jeremiah 6:13 For from the least of them even to the greatest of them every one is given to covetousness...

Jeremiah 8:10 Therefore will I give their wives to others, and their fields to them that shall inherit them...

Micah 3:5,11 Thus said the LORD concerning the prophets that make my people err, that bite with their teeth, and cry, Peace...

Malachi 1:10 Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nothing? neither do you kindle fire on my altar for nothing...

Matthew 21:13 And said to them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but you have made it a den of thieves.

John 10:12,13 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, sees the wolf coming, and leaves the sheep, and flees...

John 12:5,6 Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor...

Acts 8:18-21 And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money...

Acts 20:33 I have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or apparel.

Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly...

2 Peter 2:3,14,15 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingers not...

Revelation 18:11-13 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buys their merchandise any more...

Cross References
Leviticus 10:9
"Drink no wine or strong drink, you or your sons with you, when you go into the tent of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations.

1 Timothy 3:8
Deacons likewise must be dignified, not double-tongued, not addicted to much wine, not greedy for dishonest gain.

1 Timothy 6:10
For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evils. It is through this craving that some have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many pangs.

2 Timothy 2:24
And the Lord's servant must not be quarrelsome but kind to everyone, able to teach, patiently enduring evil,

2 Timothy 3:2
For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, arrogant, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy,

Titus 1:7
For an overseer, as God's steward, must be above reproach. He must not be arrogant or quick-tempered or a drunkard or violent or greedy for gain,

Titus 3:2
to speak evil of no one, to avoid quarreling, to be gentle, and to show perfect courtesy toward all people.

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