1 Timothy 3:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
not given to drunkenness, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money.

King James Bible
Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;

Darby Bible Translation
not given to excesses from wine, not a striker, but mild, not addicted to contention, not fond of money,

World English Bible
not a drinker, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous;

Young's Literal Translation
not given to wine, not a striker, not given to filthy lucre, but gentle, not contentious, not a lover of money,

1 Timothy 3:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

An eighth article in his character is, he must not be given to wine; μη παροινον. This word not only signifies one who is inordinately attached to wine, a winebibber or tippler, but also one who is imperious, abusive, insolent, whether through wine or otherwise. Kypke contends for this latter acceptation here. See his proofs and examples.

Ninth - He must be no striker; μη πληκτην, not quarrelsome; not ready to strike a person who may displease him; no persecutor of those who may differ from him; not prone, as one wittily said,

"To prove his doctrine orthodox

By apostolic blows and knocks."

It is said of Bishop Bonner, of infamous memory, that, when examining the poor Protestants whom he termed heretics, when worsted by them in argument he was used to smite them with his fists, and sometimes scourge and whip them. But though he was a most ignorant and consummate savage, yet from such a scripture as this he might have seen the necessity of surrendering his mitre.

Tenth - He must not be greedy of filthy lucre; μη αισχροκερδη, not desirous of base gain; not using base and unjustifiable methods to raise and increase his revenues; not trading or trafficking; for what would be honorable in a secular character, would be base and dishonorable in a bishop. Though such a trait should never appear in the character of a Christian prelate, yet there is much reason to suspect that the words above are not authentic; they are omitted by ADFG, many others, the Syriac, all the Arabic, Coptic, (and Sahidic), Ethiopic, Armenian, later Syriac, (but it appears in the margin), the Vulgate and Itala, and by most of the Greek fathers. Griesbach has left it out of the text, in which it does not appear that it ever had a legitimate place. The word covetous, which we have below, expresses all the meaning of this; and it is not likely that the apostle would insert in the same sentence two words of the same meaning, because they were different in sound. It appears to have been borrowed from 1 Timothy 3:8.

Eleventh - He must be patient; επιεικη, meek, gentle; the opposite to πληκτην, a quarrelsome person, which it immediately follows when the spurious word αισχροκερδη is removed. Where meekness and patience do not reign, gravity cannot exist, and the love of God cannot dwell.

Twelfth - He must not be a brawler; αμαχον, not contentious or litigious, but quiet and peaceable.

Thirteenth - He must not be covetous; αφιλαργυρον, not a lover of money; not desiring the office for the sake of its emoluments. He who loves money will stick at nothing in order to get it. Fair and foul methods are to him alike, provided they may be equally productive. For the sake of reputation he may wish to get all honourably; but if that cannot be, he will not scruple to adopt other methods. A brother heathen gives him this counsel: "Get money if thou canst by fair means; if not, get it by hook and by crook."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Not given to wine. or, Not ready to quarrel, and offer wrong, as one in wine. ver.

1 Timothy 3:8 Likewise must the deacons be grave, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;

Leviticus 10:9 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest you die...

Isaiah 5:11,12 Woe to them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them!...

Isaiah 28:1,7 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower...

Isaiah 56:12 Come you, say they, I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day...

Ezekiel 44:21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court.

Micah 2:11 If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, saying, I will prophesy to you of wine and of strong drink...

Matthew 24:45-51 Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord has made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season...

Luke 12:42-46 And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household...

Luke 21:34-36 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life...

Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker...

Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine...

no.

2 Timothy 2:24,25 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all men, apt to teach, patient...

Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker...

not greedy.

Proverbs 1:19 So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; which takes away the life of the owners thereof.

Proverbs 15:27 He that is greedy of gain troubles his own house; but he that hates gifts shall live.

Isaiah 56:11 Yes, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way...

Jude 1:11 Woe to them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward...

filthy.

1 Timothy 3:8 Likewise must the deacons be grave, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;

1 Samuel 8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.

Titus 1:7,11 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker...

1 Peter 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre...

patient.

1 Timothy 6:11 But you, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.

Ecclesiastes 7:8 Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.

1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brothers, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men.

2 Timothy 2:24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all men, apt to teach, patient,

Revelation 1:9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ...

a brawler.

Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, showing all meekness to all men.

James 4:1 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members?

*marg:

not covetous.

1 Samuel 2:15-17 Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest...

2 Kings 5:20-27 But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master has spared Naaman this Syrian...

Jeremiah 6:13 For from the least of them even to the greatest of them every one is given to covetousness...

Jeremiah 8:10 Therefore will I give their wives to others, and their fields to them that shall inherit them...

Micah 3:5,11 Thus said the LORD concerning the prophets that make my people err, that bite with their teeth, and cry, Peace...

Malachi 1:10 Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nothing? neither do you kindle fire on my altar for nothing...

Matthew 21:13 And said to them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but you have made it a den of thieves.

John 10:12,13 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, sees the wolf coming, and leaves the sheep, and flees...

John 12:5,6 Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor...

Acts 8:18-21 And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money...

Acts 20:33 I have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or apparel.

Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly...

2 Peter 2:3,14,15 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingers not...

Revelation 18:11-13 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buys their merchandise any more...

Library
Christ's Humiliation in his Incarnation
'Great is the mystery of godliness, God manifest in the flesh.' I Tim 3:16. Q-xxvii: WHEREIN DID CHRIST'S HUMILIATION CONSIST? A: In his being born, and that in a low condition, made under the law, undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross. Christ's humiliation consisted in his incarnation, his taking flesh, and being born. It was real flesh that Christ took; not the image of a body (as the Manichees erroneously held), but a true body; therefore he
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Since Our Pious and Christian Emperor Has Addressed this Holy and Ecumenical Council...
Since our pious and Christian Emperor has addressed this holy and ecumenical council, in order that it might provide for the purity of those who are in the list of the clergy, and who transmit divine things to others, and that they may be blameless ministrants, and worthy of the sacrifice of the great God, who is both Offering and High Priest, a sacrifice apprehended by the intelligence: and that it might cleanse away the pollutions wherewith these have been branded by unlawful marriages: now whereas
Philip Schaff—The Seven Ecumenical Councils

Of the Unity of the Godhead and the Trinity of Persons
Deut. vi. 4.--"Hear, O Israel The Lord our God is one Lord."--1 John v. 7 "There are three that bear record in heaven the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost and these three are one." "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness," 2 Tim. iii. 16. There is no refuse in it, no simple and plain history, but it tends to some edification, no profound or deep mystery, but it is profitable for salvation. Whatsoever
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

Of the Practice of Piety in Fasting.
There are divers kinds of fasting--First, A constrained fast, as when men either have not food to eat, as in the famine of Samaria (2 Kings vi. 25;) or, having food, cannot eat it for heaviness or sickness, as it befel them who were in the ship with St. Paul (Acts xxvii. 33.) This is rather famine than fasting. Secondly, A natural fast, which we undertake physically, for the health of our body. Thirdly, A civil fast, which the magistrate enjoins for the better maintenance of the commonwealth. Fourthly,
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety

Cross References
Leviticus 10:9
"You and your sons are not to drink wine or other fermented drink whenever you go into the tent of meeting, or you will die. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come,

1 Timothy 3:8
In the same way, deacons are to be worthy of respect, sincere, not indulging in much wine, and not pursuing dishonest gain.

1 Timothy 6:10
For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.

2 Timothy 2:24
And the Lord's servant must not be quarrelsome but must be kind to everyone, able to teach, not resentful.

2 Timothy 3:2
People will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boastful, proud, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy,

Titus 1:7
Since an overseer manages God's household, he must be blameless--not overbearing, not quick-tempered, not given to drunkenness, not violent, not pursuing dishonest gain.

Titus 3:2
to slander no one, to be peaceable and considerate, and always to be gentle toward everyone.

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