1 Timothy 5:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Honor widows who are truly widows.

King James Bible
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

American Standard Version
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Honour widows, that are widows indeed.

English Revised Version
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

Webster's Bible Translation
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Weymouth New Testament
Honour widows who are really in need.

1 Timothy 5:3 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Honor (τίμα)

Not only by respectful treatment but by financial support. Comp. τιμήσει, Matthew 15:5, and πολλαῖς τιμαῖς ἐτίμησαν, Acts 28:10; and διπλῆς τιμῆς 1 Timothy 5:17. Comp. Sir. 38:1. 'The verb only once in Paul (Ephesians 6:2, citation), and only here in Pastorals.

Widows (χήρας)

Paul alludes to widows in 1 Corinthians 7:8 only, where he advises them against remarrying. They are mentioned as a class in Acts 6:1, in connection with the appointment of the seven. Also Acts 9:39, Acts 9:41. In the Pastorals they receive special notice, indicating their advance from the position of mere beneficiaries to a quasi-official position in the church. from the very first, the church recognised its obligation to care for their support. A widow, in the East, was peculiarly desolate and helpless. In return for their maintenance certain duties were required of them, such as the care of orphans, sick and prisoners, and they were enrolled in an order, which, however, did not include all of their number who received alms of the church. In Polycarp's Epistle to the Philippians, they are styled "the altar of God." To such an order the references in the Pastorals point. The Fathers, from the end of the second century to the fourth, recognised a class known as πρεσβύτιδες aged women (Titus 2:3), who had oversight of the female church-members and a separate seat in the congregation. The council of Laodicaea abolished this institution, or so modified it that widows no longer held an official relation to the church.

Who are widows indeed (τὰς ὄντως χήρας)

Comp. 1 Timothy 5:5, 1 Timothy 5:16. Ὄντως verily, truly, twice in Paul, 1 Corinthians 14:25; Galatians 3:21. See on 2 Peter 2:18. Wherever ὄντως is used by Paul or by any other N.T. writer, it is used purely as an adverb (see Luke 23:47; Luke 24:34): but in all the four instances in the Pastorals, it is preceded by the article and converted into an adjective. The meaning is, who are absolutely bereaved, without children or relations (comp. 1 Timothy 5:4), and have been but once married. There is probably also an implied contrast with those described in 1 Timothy 5:6, 1 Timothy 5:11-13.

1 Timothy 5:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Honour.

1 Timothy 5:2,17 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity...

Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother: that your days may be long on the land which the LORD your God gives you.

Matthew 15:6 And honor not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have you made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.

1 Thessalonians 2:6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.

1 Peter 2:17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.

1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, you husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honor to the wife, as to the weaker vessel...

widows.

1 Timothy 5:9 Let not a widow be taken into the number under three score years old, having been the wife of one man.

Deuteronomy 10:18 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.

Deuteronomy 14:29 And the Levite, (because he has no part nor inheritance with you,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow...

Deuteronomy 16:11,14 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant...

Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be he that perverts the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Job 29:13 The blessing of him that was ready to perish came on me: and I caused the widow's heart to sing for joy.

Job 31:16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

Psalm 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation.

Psalm 94:6 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless.

Psalm 146:9 The LORD preserves the strangers; he relieves the fatherless and widow: but the way of the wicked he turns upside down.

Jeremiah 49:11 Leave your fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let your widows trust in me.

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayer...

Luke 7:12 Now when he came near to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother...

Acts 6:1 And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews...

Acts 9:39 Then Peter arose and went with them. When he was come, they brought him into the upper chamber: and all the widows stood by him weeping...

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction...

indeed.

1 Timothy 5:4,5,9-11,16 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to show piety at home, and to requite their parents...

Luke 2:37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple...

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!

Cross References
Acts 6:1
Now in these days when the disciples were increasing in number, a complaint by the Hellenists arose against the Hebrews because their widows were being neglected in the daily distribution.

Acts 9:39
So Peter rose and went with them. And when he arrived, they took him to the upper room. All the widows stood beside him weeping and showing tunics and other garments that Dorcas made while she was with them.

Acts 9:41
And he gave her his hand and raised her up. Then, calling the saints and widows, he presented her alive.

1 Timothy 5:2
older women as mothers, younger women as sisters, in all purity.

1 Timothy 5:5
She who is truly a widow, left all alone, has set her hope on God and continues in supplications and prayers night and day,

1 Timothy 5:16
If any believing woman has relatives who are widows, let her care for them. Let the church not be burdened, so that it may care for those who are truly widows.

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