English Standard Version
But if a widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn to show godliness to their own household and to make some return to their parents, for this is pleasing in the sight of God.
King James Bible
But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.
American Standard Version
But if any widow hath children or grandchildren, let them learn first to show piety towards their own family, and to requite their parents: for this is acceptable in the sight of God.
But if any widow have children, or grandchildren, let her learn first to govern her own house, and to make a return of duty to her parents: for this is acceptable before God.
English Revised Version
But if any widow hath children or grandchildren, let them learn first to shew piety towards their own family, and to requite their parents: for this is acceptable in the sight of God.
Webster's Bible Translation
But if any widow hath children or nephews, let them learn first to show piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.
Weymouth New Testament
But if a widow has children or grandchildren, let these learn first to show piety towards their own homes and to prove their gratitude to their parents; for this is well pleasing in the sight of God.
1 Timothy 5:4 Parallel
CommentaryVincent's Word Studies
N.T.o. Often in lxx. Nephews, in the now obsolete sense of grandsons or other lineal descendants. Derived from Lat. nepos. Trench (Select Glossary) remarks that nephew was undergone exactly the same change of meaning that nepos underwent, which, in the Augustan age, meaning grandson, in the post-Augustan age acquired the signification of nephew in our present acceptation of that word. Chaucer:
"How that my nevew shall my bane be."
Legend of Good Women, 2659.
'His (Jove's) blind nevew Cupido."
House of Fame, 67.
Jeremy Taylor: "Nephews are very often liken to their grandfathers than to their fathers."
Let them learn
The subject is the children and grandchildren. Holtzmann thinks the subject is any widow, used collectively. But the writer is treating of what should be done to the widow, not of what she is to do. The admonition is connected with widows indeed. They, as being utterly bereft, and without natural supporters, are to be cared for by the church; but if they have children or grandchildren, these should assume their maintenance.
In the first place: as their first and natural obligation.
To show piety at home (τὸν ἴδιον οἶκον εὐσεβεῖν)
More correctly, to show piety toward their own family. Piety in the sense of filial respect, though not to the exclusion of the religious sense. The Lat. pietas includes alike love and duty to the gods and to parents. Thus Virgil's familiar designation of Aeneas, "pius Aeneas," as describing at once his reverence for the gods and his filial devotion. The verb εὐσεβεῖν (only here and Acts 17:23) represents filial respect as an element of godliness (εὐσέβεια). For τὸν ἴδιον their own, see on Acts 1:7. It emphasizes their private, personal belonging, and contrasts the assistance given by them with that furnished by the church. It has been suggested that οἶκον household or family may mark the duty as an act of family feeling and honor.
To requite (ἀμοιβὰς ἀποδιδόναι)
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
piety. or, kindness.
good. See on ch.
"Honor your father and mother" (this is the first commandment with a promise),
1 Timothy 2:3
This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior,
1 Timothy 5:16
If any believing woman has relatives who are widows, let her care for them. Let the church not be burdened, so that it may care for those who are truly widows.
They must be silenced, since they are upsetting whole families by teaching for shameful gain what they ought not to teach.
Jump to PreviousAcceptable Care Children Children's Descendants Duty Eyes Family Fathers First Good Grandchildren Home Homes Learn Mothers Nephews Parents Piety Practice Prove Religious Repay Repaying Requite Right Shew Show Sight Towards Widow
Jump to NextAcceptable Care Children Children's Descendants Duty Eyes Family Fathers First Good Grandchildren Home Homes Learn Mothers Nephews Parents Piety Practice Prove Religious Repay Repaying Requite Right Shew Show Sight Towards Widow
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.