1 Timothy 5:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But if a widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn to show godliness to their own household and to make some return to their parents, for this is pleasing in the sight of God.

King James Bible
But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.

American Standard Version
But if any widow hath children or grandchildren, let them learn first to show piety towards their own family, and to requite their parents: for this is acceptable in the sight of God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if any widow have children, or grandchildren, let her learn first to govern her own house, and to make a return of duty to her parents: for this is acceptable before God.

English Revised Version
But if any widow hath children or grandchildren, let them learn first to shew piety towards their own family, and to requite their parents: for this is acceptable in the sight of God.

Webster's Bible Translation
But if any widow hath children or nephews, let them learn first to show piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.

Weymouth New Testament
But if a widow has children or grandchildren, let these learn first to show piety towards their own homes and to prove their gratitude to their parents; for this is well pleasing in the sight of God.

1 Timothy 5:4 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Nephews (ἔκγονα)

N.T.o. Often in lxx. Nephews, in the now obsolete sense of grandsons or other lineal descendants. Derived from Lat. nepos. Trench (Select Glossary) remarks that nephew was undergone exactly the same change of meaning that nepos underwent, which, in the Augustan age, meaning grandson, in the post-Augustan age acquired the signification of nephew in our present acceptation of that word. Chaucer:

"How that my nevew shall my bane be."

Legend of Good Women, 2659.

'His (Jove's) blind nevew Cupido."

House of Fame, 67.

Jeremy Taylor: "Nephews are very often liken to their grandfathers than to their fathers."

Let them learn

The subject is the children and grandchildren. Holtzmann thinks the subject is any widow, used collectively. But the writer is treating of what should be done to the widow, not of what she is to do. The admonition is connected with widows indeed. They, as being utterly bereft, and without natural supporters, are to be cared for by the church; but if they have children or grandchildren, these should assume their maintenance.

First (πρῶτον)

In the first place: as their first and natural obligation.

To show piety at home (τὸν ἴδιον οἶκον εὐσεβεῖν)

More correctly, to show piety toward their own family. Piety in the sense of filial respect, though not to the exclusion of the religious sense. The Lat. pietas includes alike love and duty to the gods and to parents. Thus Virgil's familiar designation of Aeneas, "pius Aeneas," as describing at once his reverence for the gods and his filial devotion. The verb εὐσεβεῖν (only here and Acts 17:23) represents filial respect as an element of godliness (εὐσέβεια). For τὸν ἴδιον their own, see on Acts 1:7. It emphasizes their private, personal belonging, and contrasts the assistance given by them with that furnished by the church. It has been suggested that οἶκον household or family may mark the duty as an act of family feeling and honor.

To requite (ἀμοιβὰς ἀποδιδόναι)

continued...

1 Timothy 5:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

nephews.

Judges 12:14 And he had forty sons and thirty nephews, that rode on three score and ten donkey colts: and he judged Israel eight years.

*marg:

Job 18:19 He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.

Isaiah 14:22 For I will rise up against them, said the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant, and son, and nephew...

learn.

1 Samuel 22:3,4 And David went there to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said to the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray you, come forth...

Proverbs 31:28 Her children arise up, and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praises her.

Luke 2:51 And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart.

John 19:26,27 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he said to his mother, Woman, behold your son!...

piety. or, kindness.

Matthew 15:4-6 For God commanded, saying, Honor your father and mother: and, He that curses father or mother, let him die the death...

Mark 7:11-13 But you say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, It is Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatever you might be profited by me...

to requite.

Genesis 45:10,11 And you shall dwell in the land of Goshen, and you shall be near to me, you, and your children, and your children's children...

Genesis 47:12,28 And Joseph nourished his father, and his brothers, and all his father's household, with bread, according to their families...

Ruth 2:2,18 And Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall find grace...

Ephesians 6:1-3 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right...

good. See on ch.

1 Timothy 2:3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior;

Cross References
Ephesians 6:2
"Honor your father and mother" (this is the first commandment with a promise),

1 Timothy 2:3
This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior,

1 Timothy 5:16
If any believing woman has relatives who are widows, let her care for them. Let the church not be burdened, so that it may care for those who are truly widows.

Titus 1:11
They must be silenced, since they are upsetting whole families by teaching for shameful gain what they ought not to teach.

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Acceptable Care Children Children's Descendants Duty Eyes Family Fathers First Good Grandchildren Home Homes Learn Mothers Nephews Parents Piety Practice Prove Religious Repay Repaying Requite Right Shew Show Sight Towards Widow
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