2 Samuel 23:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now these are the last words of David: The oracle of David, the son of Jesse, the oracle of the man who was raised on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, the sweet psalmist of Israel:

King James Bible
Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

American Standard Version
Now these are the last words of David. David the son of Jesse saith, And the man who was raised on high saith, The anointed of the God of Jacob, And the sweet psalmist of Israel:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now these are David's last words. David the son of Isai said: The man to whom it was appointed concerning the Christ of the God of Jacob, the excellent psalmist of Israel said:

English Revised Version
Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse saith, and the man who was raised on high saith, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel:

Webster's Bible Translation
Now these are the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

2 Samuel 23:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

44 And Thou rescuest me out of the strivings of my people,

Preservest me to be the head of the heathen.

People that I knew not serve me.

45 The sons of the stranger dissemble to me,

Upon hearsay they obey me.

46 The sons of the stranger despair,

And tremble out of their castles.

By "the strivings of my people" the more indefinite expression in the psalm, "strivings of the people," is explained. The words refer to the domestic conflicts of David, out of which the Lord delivered him, such as the opposition of Ishbosheth and the rebellions of Absalom and Sheba. These deliverances formed the prelude and basis of his dominion over the heathen. Consequently תּשׁמרני (Thou preservest me to be the head of the nations) occurs quite appropriately in the second clause; and תּשׂימני, "Thou settest me," which occurs in the psalm, is a far less pregnant expression. עם before ידעתּי לא is used indefinitely to signify foreign nations. Toi king of Hamath (2 Samuel 8:10) was an example, and his subjugation was a prelude of the future subjection of all the heathen to the sceptre of the Son of David, as predicted in Psalm 72. In v. 45 the two clauses of the psalm are very appropriately transposed. The Hithpael יתכחשׁוּ, as compared with יכחשׁוּ, is the later form. In the primary passage (Deuteronomy 33:29) the Niphal is used to signify the dissembling of friendship, or of involuntary homage on the part of the vanquished towards the victor. אזן לשׁמוע, "by the hearing of the ear," i.e., by hearsay, is a simple explanation of אזן לשׁמע, at the rumour of the ears (vid., Job 42:5), i.e., at the mere rumour of David's victories. The foreign nations pine away, i.e., despair of ever being able to resist the victorious power of David. יחגּרוּ, "they gird themselves," does not yield any appropriate meaning, even if we should take it in the sense of equipping themselves to go out to battle. The word is probably a misspelling of יחרגוּ, which occurs in the psalm, חרג being a ἁπ. λεγ. in the sense of being terrified, or trembling: they tremble out of their castles, i.e., they come trembling out of their castles (for the thought itself, see Micah 7:17). It is by no means probable that the word חרג, which is so frequently met with in Hebrew, is used in this one passage in the sense of "to limp," according to Syriac usage.

In conclusion, the Psalmist returns to the praise of the Lord, who had so highly favoured him.

2 Samuel 23:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2989 B.C.

1015 An. Ex. Is.476
the last

Genesis 49:1 And Jacob called to his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days.

Deuteronomy 33:1 And this is the blessing, with which Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.

Joshua 23:1-24:32 And it came to pass a long time after that the LORD had given rest to Israel from all their enemies round about...

Psalm 72:20 The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.

2 Peter 1:13-15 Yes, I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you up by putting you in remembrance...

raised

2 Samuel 7:8,9 Now therefore so shall you say to my servant David, Thus said the LORD of hosts, I took you from the sheepcote...

Psalm 78:70 He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds:

the anointed

1 Samuel 2:10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder on them...

1 Samuel 16:12,13 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and with of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said...

Psalm 2:6 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion.

Psalm 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:

sweet psalmist

1 Chronicles 16:4,5,7,9 And he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, and to record...

Amos 6:5 That chant to the sound of the viol, and invent to themselves instruments of music, like David;

Luke 20:42 And David himself said in the book of Psalms, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you on my right hand,

Luke 24:44 And he said to them, These are the words which I spoke to you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled...

Ephesians 5:19,20 Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord...

Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs...

James 5:13 Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms.

Cross References
1 Samuel 16:12
And he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy and had beautiful eyes and was handsome. And the LORD said, "Arise, anoint him, for this is he."

1 Samuel 16:13
Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.

2 Samuel 7:8
Now, therefore, thus you shall say to my servant David, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince over my people Israel.

2 Samuel 7:9
And I have been with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from before you. And I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth.

1 Chronicles 16:7
Then on that day David first appointed that thanksgiving be sung to the LORD by Asaph and his brothers.

Psalm 78:70
He chose David his servant and took him from the sheepfolds;

Psalm 78:71
from following the nursing ewes he brought him to shepherd Jacob his people, Israel his inheritance.

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