2 Samuel 23:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“The Spirit of the LORD speaks by me; his word is on my tongue.

King James Bible
The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.

American Standard Version
The Spirit of Jehovah spake by me, And his word was upon my tongue.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The spirit of the Lord hath spoken by me and his word by my tongue.

English Revised Version
The spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was upon my tongue.

Webster's Bible Translation
The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me, and his word was on my tongue.

2 Samuel 23:2 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

47 Jehovah liveth, and blessed is my rock,

And the God of my refuge of salvation is exalted.

48 The God who giveth me vengeance,

And bringeth nations under me;

49 Who leadeth me out from mine enemies,

And exalteth me above mine adversaries,

Delivereth me from the man of violence.

The formula חי־יהוה does not mean "let Jehovah live," for the word יחי would be used for that (vid., 2 Samuel 16:16; 1 Samuel 10:24), but is a declaration: "the Lord is living." The declaration itself is to be taken as praise of God, for "praising God is simply ascribing to Him the glorious perfections which belong to him; we have only to give Him what is His own" (Hengstenberg). The following clauses also contain simply declarations; this is evident from the word ירוּם, since the optative ירם would be used to denote a wish. The Lord is living or alive when He manifests His life in acts of omnipotence. In the last clause, the expression צוּר (rock) is intensified into ישׁעי צוּר אלהי (the God of my refuge, or rock, of salvation), i.e., the God who is my saving rock (cf. 2 Samuel 22:3). In the predicates of God in 2 Samuel 22:48, 2 Samuel 22:49, the saving acts depicted by David in vv. 5-20 and 29-46 are summed up briefly. Instead of מוריד, "He causes to go down under me," i.e., He subjects to me, we find in the psalm ויּדבּר, "He drives nations under me," and מפלטי instead of מוציאי; and lastly, instead of חמס אישׁ in the psalm, we have here חמסים אישׁ, as in Psalm 140:2. Therefore the praise of the Lord shall be sounded among all nations.

2 Samuel 23:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


2 Samuel 22:43 Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them abroad.



Acts 2:25-31 For David speaks concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved...


Acts 3:7,8 And he took him by the right hand, and lifted him up: and immediately his feet and ankle bones received strength...

2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

Cross References
Matthew 22:43
He said to them, "How is it then that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying,

2 Peter 1:21
For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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