2 Samuel 23:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The God of Israel has spoken; the Rock of Israel has said to me: When one rules justly over men, ruling in the fear of God,

King James Bible
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

American Standard Version
The God of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spake to me: One that ruleth over men righteously, That ruleth in the fear of God,

Douay-Rheims Bible
The God of Israel said to me, the strong one of Israel spoke, the ruler of men, the just ruler in the fear of God.

English Revised Version
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me: One that ruleth over men righteously, that ruleth in the fear of God,

Webster's Bible Translation
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

2 Samuel 23:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

47 Jehovah liveth, and blessed is my rock,

And the God of my refuge of salvation is exalted.

48 The God who giveth me vengeance,

And bringeth nations under me;

49 Who leadeth me out from mine enemies,

And exalteth me above mine adversaries,

Delivereth me from the man of violence.

The formula חי־יהוה does not mean "let Jehovah live," for the word יחי would be used for that (vid., 2 Samuel 16:16; 1 Samuel 10:24), but is a declaration: "the Lord is living." The declaration itself is to be taken as praise of God, for "praising God is simply ascribing to Him the glorious perfections which belong to him; we have only to give Him what is His own" (Hengstenberg). The following clauses also contain simply declarations; this is evident from the word ירוּם, since the optative ירם would be used to denote a wish. The Lord is living or alive when He manifests His life in acts of omnipotence. In the last clause, the expression צוּר (rock) is intensified into ישׁעי צוּר אלהי (the God of my refuge, or rock, of salvation), i.e., the God who is my saving rock (cf. 2 Samuel 22:3). In the predicates of God in 2 Samuel 22:48, 2 Samuel 22:49, the saving acts depicted by David in vv. 5-20 and 29-46 are summed up briefly. Instead of מוריד, "He causes to go down under me," i.e., He subjects to me, we find in the psalm ויּדבּר, "He drives nations under me," and מפלטי instead of מוציאי; and lastly, instead of חמס אישׁ in the psalm, we have here חמסים אישׁ, as in Psalm 140:2. Therefore the praise of the Lord shall be sounded among all nations.

2 Samuel 23:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

God

Genesis 33:20 And he erected there an altar, and called it EleloheIsrael.

Exodus 3:15 And God said moreover to Moses, Thus shall you say to the children of Israel, the LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham...

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people...

Exodus 20:2 I am the LORD your God, which have brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

the Rock

2 Samuel 22:2,32 And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer...

Deuteronomy 32:4,30,31 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he...

Psalm 42:9 I will say to God my rock, Why have you forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?

he that ruleth. or, Be thou ruler, etc.

Psalm 110:2 The LORD shall send the rod of your strength out of Zion: rule you in the middle of your enemies.

must be just

Exodus 23:6-8 You shall not wrest the judgment of your poor in his cause...

Deuteronomy 16:18-20 Judges and officers shall you make you in all your gates, which the LORD your God gives you, throughout your tribes...

Psalm 82:3,4 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy...

Proverbs 31:9 Open your mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.

Isaiah 11:4,5 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth...

Isaiah 32:1 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment.

Jeremiah 23:5 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...

Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, your King comes to you: he is just...

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom.

ruling

Exodus 18:21 Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness...

2 Chronicles 19:7-9 Why now let the fear of the LORD be on you; take heed and do it: for there is no iniquity with the LORD our God, nor respect of persons...

Nehemiah 5:14 Moreover from the time that I was appointed to be their governor in the land of Judah...

Cross References
Exodus 18:21
Moreover, look for able men from all the people, men who fear God, who are trustworthy and hate a bribe, and place such men over the people as chiefs of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

2 Samuel 22:2
He said, "The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer,

2 Samuel 22:3
my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge, my savior; you save me from violence.

1 Kings 10:9
Blessed be the LORD your God, who has delighted in you and set you on the throne of Israel! Because the LORD loved Israel forever, he has made you king, that you may execute justice and righteousness."

2 Chronicles 19:7
Now then, let the fear of the LORD be upon you. Be careful what you do, for there is no injustice with the LORD our God, or partiality or taking bribes."

2 Chronicles 19:9
And he charged them: "Thus you shall do in the fear of the LORD, in faithfulness, and with your whole heart:

Job 34:17
Shall one who hates justice govern? Will you condemn him who is righteous and mighty,

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