2 Samuel 5:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia,

King James Bible
Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,

American Standard Version
and Ibhar, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Jebahar, and Elisua, and Nepheg,

English Revised Version
and Ibhar, and Elishua; and Nepheg, and Japhia;

Webster's Bible Translation
Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,

2 Samuel 5:15 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"David dwelt in the fort," i.e., he selected the fort or citadel as his palace, "and called it David's city." David may have been induced to select the citadel of Zion as his palace, and by so doing to make Jerusalem the capital of the whole kingdom, partly by the natural strength of Zion, and partly by the situation of Jerusalem, viz., on the border of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah, and tolerably near to the centre of the land. "And David built, i.e., fortified (the city of Zion), round about from Millo and inwards." In the Chronicles we have ועד־הסּביב, "and to the environs or surroundings," i.e., to the encircling wall which was opposite to the Millo. The fortification "inwards" must have consisted in the enclosure of Mount Zion with a strong wall upon the north side, where Jerusalem joined it as a lower town, so as to defend the palace against the hostile attacks on the north or town side, which had hitherto been left without fortifications. The "Millo" was at any rate some kind of fortification, probably a large tower or castle at one particular part of the surrounding wall (comp. Judges 9:6 with Judges 9:46 and Judges 9:49, where Millo is used interchangeably with Migdal). The name ("the filling") probably originated in the fact that through this tower or castle the fortification of the city, or the surrounding wall, was filled or completed. The definite article before Millo indicates that it was a well-known fortress, probably one that had been erected by the Jebusites. With regard to the situation of Millo, we may infer from this passage, and 1 Chronicles 11:8, that the tower in question stood at one corner of the wall, either on the north-east or north-west, "where the hill of Zion has the least elevation and therefore needed the greatest strengthening from without" (Thenius on 1 Kings 9:15). This is fully sustained both by 1 Kings 11:27, where Solomon is said to have closed the breach of the city of David by building (fortifying) Millo, and by 2 Chronicles 32:5, where Hezekiah is said to have built up all the wall of Jerusalem, and made Millo strong, i.e., to have fortified it still further (vid., 1 Kings 9:15 and 1 Kings 9:24).

2 Samuel 5:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Elishua. or, Elishama

1 Chronicles 3:6 Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet,

1 Chronicles 14:5 And Ibhar, and Elishua, and Elpalet,

Cross References
2 Samuel 5:14
And these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,

2 Samuel 5:16
Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet.

1 Chronicles 3:6
then Ibhar, Elishama, Eliphelet,

1 Chronicles 14:5
Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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