2 Samuel 5:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

King James Bible
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

American Standard Version
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Douay-Rheims Bible
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

English Revised Version
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Webster's Bible Translation
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

2 Samuel 5:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

But David rewarded them very differently from what they had expected. He replied, "As Jehovah liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity, the man who told me, Behold, Saul is dead, and thought he was a messenger of good to me, I seized and slew at Ziklag (vid., 2 Samuel 1:14-15), to give him a reward for his news: how much more when wicked men have murdered a righteous man in his house upon his bed, should I not require his blood at your hand, and destroy you from the earth?" The several parts of this reply are not closely linked together so as to form one period, but answer to the excited manner in which they were spoken. There is first of all the oath, "As truly as Jehovah liveth," and the clause appended, "who redeemed my soul," in which the thought is implied that David did not feel it necessary to get rid of his enemies by the commission of crimes. After this (2 Samuel 4:10) we have an allusion to his treatment of the messenger who announced Saul's death to him, and pretended to have slain him in order that he might obtain a good reward for his tidings. כּי, like ὅτι, simply introduces the address. בּעיניו ... המּגּיד is placed at the head absolutely, and made subordinate to the verb by בו after ואחזה. לתתּי־לו, "namely, to give him." עשׁר is employed to introduce the explanation, like our "namely" (vid., Ewald, 338, b.). בּשׂרה, good news, here "the reward of news." The main point follows in 2 Samuel 4:11, beginning with כּי אף, "how much more" (vid., Ewald, 354, c.), and is introduced in the form of a climax. The words משׁכּבו ... אנשׁים are also written absolutely, and placed at the head: "men have slain," for "how much more in this instance, when wicked men have slain." "Righteous" (zaddik), i.e., not guilty of any wicked deed or crime. The assumption of the regal power, which Abner had forced upon Ishbosheth, was not a capital crime in the existing state of things, and after the death of Saul; and even if it had been, the sons of Rimmon had no right to assassinate him. David's sentence then follows: "And now that this is the fact, that ye have murdered a righteous man, should I not," etc. בּער, to destroy by capital punishment, as in Deuteronomy 13:6, etc. דּם בּקּשׁ ( equals דּם דּרשׁ, Genesis 9:5), to require the blood of a person, i.e., to take blood-revenge.

2 Samuel 5:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thirty

Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

forty

1 Chronicles 26:31 Among the Hebronites was Jerijah the chief, even among the Hebronites, according to the generations of his fathers...

1 Chronicles 29:27 And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron...

Cross References
Luke 3:23
Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli,

Genesis 41:46
Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went through all the land of Egypt.

Numbers 4:3
from thirty years old up to fifty years old, all who can come on duty, to do the work in the tent of meeting.

1 Kings 2:11
And the time that David reigned over Israel was forty years. He reigned seven years in Hebron and thirty-three years in Jerusalem.

1 Chronicles 3:4
six were born to him in Hebron, where he reigned for seven years and six months. And he reigned thirty-three years in Jerusalem.

1 Chronicles 26:31
Of the Hebronites, Jerijah was chief of the Hebronites of whatever genealogy or fathers' houses. (In the fortieth year of David's reign search was made and men of great ability among them were found at Jazer in Gilead.)

1 Chronicles 29:27
The time that he reigned over Israel was forty years. He reigned seven years in Hebron and thirty-three years in Jerusalem.

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