2 Samuel 5:4
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.

King James Bible
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Darby Bible Translation
David was thirty years old when he began to reign; he reigned forty years.

World English Bible
David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

Young's Literal Translation
A son of thirty years is David in his being king; forty years he hath reigned;

2 Samuel 5:4 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

The age of David is conclusive as to the fact that the earlier years of Saul's reign (during which Jonathan grew up to be a man) are passed over in silence, and that the events narrated from 1 Samuel 13 to the end of the book did not occupy more than 10 years. If David was 20 years old at the time he killed Goliath, four years in Saul's service, four years of wandering from place to place, one year and four months in the country of the Philistines, and a few months after Saul's death, would make up the 10 years necessary to bring him to the age of 30.

2 Samuel 5:4 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Early Days
The life of David is naturally divided into epochs, of which we may avail ourselves for the more ready arrangement of our material. These are--his early years up to his escape from the court of Saul, his exile, the prosperous beginning of his reign, his sin and penitence, his flight before Absalom's rebellion, and the darkened end. We have but faint incidental traces of his life up to his anointing by Samuel, with which the narrative in the historical books opens. But perhaps the fact that the story
Alexander Maclaren—The Life of David

The Quotation in Matt. Ii. 6.
Several interpreters, Paulus especially, have asserted that the interpretation of Micah which is here given, was that of the Sanhedrim only, and not of the Evangelist, who merely recorded what happened and was said. But this assertion is at once refuted when we consider the object which Matthew has in view in his entire representation of the early life of Jesus. His object in recording the early life of Jesus is not like that of Luke, viz., to communicate historical information to his readers.
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Luke 3:23
When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli,

Genesis 41:46
Now Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh, king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went through all the land of Egypt.

Numbers 4:3
from thirty years and upward, even to fifty years old, all who enter the service to do the work in the tent of meeting.

1 Kings 2:11
The days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years he reigned in Hebron and thirty-three years he reigned in Jerusalem.

1 Chronicles 3:4
Six were born to him in Hebron, and there he reigned seven years and six months. And in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years.

1 Chronicles 26:31
As for the Hebronites, Jerijah the chief (these Hebronites were investigated according to their genealogies and fathers' households, in the fortieth year of David's reign, and men of outstanding capability were found among them at Jazer of Gilead)

1 Chronicles 29:27
The period which he reigned over Israel was forty years; he reigned in Hebron seven years and in Jerusalem thirty-three years.

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