Acts 23:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When it was day, the Jews made a plot and bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.

King James Bible
And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.

American Standard Version
And when it was day, the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when day was come, some of the Jews gathered together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying, that they would neither eat, nor drink, till they killed Paul.

English Revised Version
And when it was day, the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying, that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.

Weymouth New Testament
Now, when daylight came, the Jews formed a conspiracy and solemnly swore not to eat or drink till they had killed Paul.

Acts 23:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Banded together (ποιήσαντες συστροφὴν)

Lit., having made a conspiracy. See on concourse, Acts 19:40.

Bound themselves under a curse (ἀνεθεμάτισαν ἑαυτοὺς).

Lit., anathematized or cursed themselves; invoked God's curse on themselves if they should violate their vow. On the kindred noun ἀνάθεμα, a curse, see note on offerings, Luke 21:5. In case of failure, they could procure absolution from their oath by the Rabbis.

Acts 23:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

certain.

Acts 23:21,30 But do not you yield to them: for there lie in wait for him of them more than forty men, which have bound themselves with an oath...

Acts 25:3 And desired favor against him, that he would send for him to Jerusalem, laying wait in the way to kill him.

Psalm 2:1-3 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing...

Psalm 64:2-6 Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked; from the insurrection of the workers of iniquity...

Isaiah 8:9,10 Associate yourselves, O you people, and you shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all you of far countries: gird yourselves...

Jeremiah 11:19 But I was like a lamb or an ox that is brought to the slaughter; and I knew not that they had devised devices against me, saying...

Matthew 26:4 And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill him.

bound.

1 Kings 19:2 Then Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, So let the gods do to me, and more also...

2 Kings 6:31 Then he said, God do so and more also to me, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall stand on him this day.

Matthew 27:25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.

Mark 6:23-26 And he swore to her, Whatever you shall ask of me, I will give it you, to the half of my kingdom...

under a curse. or, with an oath of execration.

Leviticus 27:29 None devoted, which shall be devoted of men, shall be redeemed; but shall surely be put to death.

Joshua 6:26 And Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the LORD, that rises up and builds this city Jericho...

Joshua 7:1,15 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah...

Nehemiah 10:29 They joined to their brothers, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law...

Matthew 26:74 Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

*Gr:

1 Corinthians 16:22 If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema Maranatha.

Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written...

that. Such execrable vows as these were not unusual among the Jews, who, from their perverted traditions, challenged to themselves a right of punishing without any legal process, those whom they considered transgressors of the law; and in some cases, as in the case of one who had forsaken the law of Moses, they thought they were justified in killing them. They therefore made no scruple of acquainting the chief priests and elders with their conspiracy against the life of Paul, and applying for their connivance and support; who, being chiefly of the sect of the Sadducees, and the apostle's bitterest enemies, were so far from blaming them for it, that they gladly aided and abetted them in this mode of dispatching him, and on its failure they soon afterwards determined upon making a similar attempt. (ch.

Acts 25:2 Then the high priest and the chief of the Jews informed him against Paul, and sought him,

,

3.) If these were, in their bad way, conscientious men, they were under no necessity of perishing for hunger, when the providence of God had hindered them from accomplishing their vow; for their vows of abstinence from eating and drinking were as easy to loose as to bind, any of their wise men or Rabbis having power to absolve them, as Dr. Lightfoot has shown from the Talmud.

1 Samuel 14:24,27,28,40-44 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying...

Psalm 31:13 For I have heard the slander of many: fear was on every side: while they took counsel together against me...

Cross References
Genesis 37:18
They saw him from afar, and before he came near to them they conspired against him to kill him.

Jeremiah 44:25
Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: You and your wives have declared with your mouths, and have fulfilled it with your hands, saying, 'We will surely perform our vows that we have made, to make offerings to the queen of heaven and to pour out drink offerings to her.' Then confirm your vows and perform your vows!

Acts 9:23
When many days had passed, the Jews plotted to kill him,

Acts 9:24
but their plot became known to Saul. They were watching the gates day and night in order to kill him,

Acts 23:13
There were more than forty who made this conspiracy.

Acts 23:14
They went to the chief priests and elders and said, "We have strictly bound ourselves by an oath to taste no food till we have killed Paul.

Acts 23:21
But do not be persuaded by them, for more than forty of their men are lying in ambush for him, who have bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink till they have killed him. And now they are ready, waiting for your consent."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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