Daniel 5:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
but you have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven. And the vessels of his house have been brought in before you, and you and your lords, your wives, and your concubines have drunk wine from them. And you have praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood, and stone, which do not see or hear or know, but the God in whose hand is your breath, and whose are all your ways, you have not honored.

King James Bible
But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:

American Standard Version
but hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou and thy lords, thy wives and thy concubines, have drunk wine from them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know; and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But hast lifted thyself up against the Lord of heaven: and the vessels of his house have been brought before thee: and thou, and thy nobles, and thy wives, and thy concubines have drunk wine in them: and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and of gold, and of brass, of iron, and of wood, and of stone, that neither see, nor hear, nor feel: but the God who hath thy breath in his hand, and all thy ways, thou hast not glorified.

English Revised Version
but hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou and thy lords, thy wives and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:

Webster's Bible Translation
But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drank wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, thou hast not glorified.

Daniel 5:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When Daniel knew from the answer of the chief that he would grant the request if he were only free from personal responsibility in the matter, he turned himself to the officer who was under the chief chamberlain, whom they were immediately subject to, and entreated him to make trial for ten days, permitting them to use vegetables and water instead of the costly provision and the wine furnished by the king, and to deal further with them according as the result would be. המּלצר, having the article, is to be regarded as an appellative, expressing the business of the calling of the man. The translation, steward or chief cook, is founded on the explanation of the word as given by Haug (Ewald's bibl. Jahrbb. v. p. 159f.) from the New Persian word mel, spirituous liquors, wine, corresponding to the Zendh. madhu (μεθυ), intoxicating drink, and equals צרחara, Sanscr. חiras, the head; hence overseer over the drink, synonymous with רבשׁקה, Isaiah 36:2. - נס נא, try, I beseech thee, thy servants, i.e., try it with us, ten days. Ten, in the decimal system the number of completeness or conclusion, may, according to circumstances, mean a long time or only a proportionally short time. Here it is used in the latter sense, because ten days are sufficient to show the effect of the kind of food on the appearance. זרעים, food from the vegetable kingdom, vegetables, leguminous fruit. Daniel 1:13. מראינוּ is singular, and is used with יראוּ in the plural because two subjects follow. כּאשׁר תּראה, as thou shalt see, viz., our appearance, i.e., as thou shalt then find it, act accordingly. In this proposal Daniel trusted in the help of God, and God did not put his confidence to shame.

(Note: The request is perfectly intelligible from the nature of living faith, without our having recourse to Calvin's supposition, that Daniel had received by secret revelation the assurance that such would be the result if he and his companions were permitted to live on vegetables. The confidence of living faith which hopes in the presence and help of God is fundamentally different from the eager expectation of miraculous interference of a Maccabean Jew, which C. v. Lengerke and other deists and atheists wish to find here in Daniel.)

The youths throve so visibly on the vegetables and water, that the steward relieved them wholly from the necessity of eating from the royal table. Daniel 1:15. בּשׂר בּריאי, fat, well nourished in flesh, is grammatically united to the suffix of מראיהם, from which the pronoun is easily supplied in thought. Daniel 1:16. נשׂא, took away equals no more gave.

Daniel 5:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

lifted.

Daniel 5:3,4 Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the house of God which was at Jerusalem; and the king...

2 Kings 14:10 You have indeed smitten Edom, and your heart has lifted you up: glory of this, and tarry at home...

Isaiah 2:12 For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be on every one that is proud and lofty, and on every one that is lifted up...

Isaiah 33:10 Now will I rise, said the LORD; now will I be exalted; now will I lift up myself.

Isaiah 37:23 Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? and against whom have you exalted your voice, and lifted up your eyes on high?...

Jeremiah 50:29 Call together the archers against Babylon: all you that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape...

Ezekiel 28:2,5,17 Son of man, say to the prince of Tyrus, Thus said the Lord GOD; Because your heart is lifted up, and you have said, I am a God...

Ezekiel 31:10 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; Because you have lifted up yourself in height, and he has shot up his top among the thick boughs...

Habakkuk 2:4 Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.

1 Timothy 3:6 Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil.

Revelation 13:5,6 And there was given to him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given to him to continue forty and two months...

the Lord.

Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, all whose works are truth, and his ways judgment...

Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:

Psalm 115:16 The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD's: but the earth has he given to the children of men.

and they.

Daniel 5:2-4 Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine...

1 Samuel 5:1-9 And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod...

hath praised.

Judges 16:23 Then the lords of the Philistines gathered them together for to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon their god, and to rejoice...

which.

Psalm 115:4-8 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands...

Psalm 135:15-17 The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands...

Isaiah 37:19 And have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone...

Isaiah 46:6,7 They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance, and hire a goldsmith; and he makes it a god: they fall down, yes...

Habakkuk 2:18,19 What profits the graven image that the maker thereof has graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies...

1 Corinthians 8:4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world...

in whose.

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

Job 12:10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.

Job 34:14,15 If he set his heart on man, if he gather to himself his spirit and his breath...

Psalm 104:29 You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

Psalm 146:4 His breath goes forth, he returns to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.

Isaiah 42:5 Thus said God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth...

Acts 17:25,28,29 Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he gives to all life, and breath, and all things...

and whose.

Job 31:4 Does not he see my ways, and count all my steps?

Psalm 139:3 You compass my path and my lying down, and are acquainted with all my ways.

Proverbs 20:24 Man's goings are of the LORD; how can a man then understand his own way?

Jeremiah 10:23 O LORD, I know that the way of man is not in himself: it is not in man that walks to direct his steps.

Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight...

hast thou.

Romans 1:21-23 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations...

Cross References
Acts 17:28
for "'In him we live and move and have our being'; as even some of your own poets have said, "'For we are indeed his offspring.'

Revelation 9:20
The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands nor give up worshiping demons and idols of gold and silver and bronze and stone and wood, which cannot see or hear or walk,

2 Kings 14:10
You have indeed struck down Edom, and your heart has lifted you up. Be content with your glory, and stay at home, for why should you provoke trouble so that you fall, you and Judah with you?"

Job 12:10
In his hand is the life of every living thing and the breath of all mankind.

Job 31:4
Does not he see my ways and number all my steps?

Proverbs 20:24
A man's steps are from the LORD; how then can man understand his way?

Isaiah 2:12
For the LORD of hosts has a day against all that is proud and lofty, against all that is lifted up--and it shall be brought low;

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