Deuteronomy 1:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The LORD your God has multiplied you, and behold, you are today as numerous as the stars of heaven.

King James Bible
The LORD your God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye are this day as the stars of heaven for multitude.

American Standard Version
Jehovah your God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye are this day as the stars of heaven for multitude.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I alone am not able to bear you: for the Lord your God hath multiplied you, and you are this day as the stars of heaven, for multitude.

English Revised Version
The LORD your God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye are this day as the stars of heaven for multitude.

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD your God hath multiplied you, and behold, ye are this day as the stars of heaven for multitude.

Deuteronomy 1:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To the description of the ground to which the following addresses refer, there is appended an allusion to the not less significant time when Moses delivered them, viz., "on the first of the eleventh month in the fortieth year," consequently towards the end of his life, after the conclusion of the divine lawgiving; so that he was able to speak "according to all that Jehovah had given him in commandment unto them" (the Israelites), namely, in the legislation of the former books, which is always referred to in this way (Deuteronomy 4:5, Deuteronomy 4:23; Deuteronomy 5:29-30; Deuteronomy 6:1). The time was also significant, from the fact that Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites, had then been slain. By giving a victory over these mighty kings, the Lord had begun to fulfil His promises (see Deuteronomy 2:25), and had thereby laid Israel under the obligation to love, gratitude, and obedience (see Numbers 21:21-35). The suffix in הכּתו refers to Moses, who had smitten the Amorites at the command and by the power of Jehovah. According to Joshua 12:4; Joshua 13:12, Joshua 13:31; Edrei was the second capital of Og, and it is as such that it is mentioned, and not as the place where Og was defeated (Deuteronomy 3:1; Numbers 21:33). The omission of the copula ו before בּאדרעי is to be accounted for from the oratorical character of the introduction to the addresses which follow. Edrei is the present Dra (see at Numbers 21:33). - In Deuteronomy 1:5, the description of the locality is again resumed in the words "beyond the Jordan," and still further defined by the expression "in the land of Moab;" and the address itself is introduced by the clause, "Moses took in hand to expound this law," which explains more fully the דּבּר (spake) of Deuteronomy 1:3. "In the land of Moab" is a rhetorical and general expression for "in the Arboth Moab." הואיל does not mean to begin, but to undertake, to take in hand, with the subordinate idea sometimes of venturing, or daring (Genesis 18:27), sometimes of a bold resolution: here it denotes an undertaking prompted by internal impulse. Instead of being construed with the infinitive, it is construed rhetorically here with the finite verb without the copula (cf. Ges. 143, 3, b). בּאר probably signified to dig in the Kal; but this is not used. In the Piel it means to explain (διασαφῆσαι, explanare, lxx, Vulg.), never to engrave, or stamp, not even here nor in Deuteronomy 27:8 and Habakkuk 2:2. Here it signifies "to expound this law clearly," although the exposition was connected with an earnest admonition to preserve and obey it. "This" no doubt refers to the law expounded in what follows; but substantially it is no other than the law already given in the earlier books. "Substantially there is throughout but one law" (Schultz). That the book of Deuteronomy was not intended to furnish a new or second law, is as evident as possible from the word בּאר.

Deuteronomy 1:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

your God

Deuteronomy 10:22 Your fathers went down into Egypt with three score and ten persons...

Deuteronomy 28:62 And you shall be left few in number, whereas you were as the stars of heaven for multitude...

Genesis 15:5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if you be able to number them...

Genesis 22:17 That in blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply your seed as the stars of the heaven...

Genesis 28:14 And your seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and you shall spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north...

Exodus 12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

Exodus 32:13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, your servants, to whom you swore by your own self, and said to them...

Numbers 1:46 Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.

1 Chronicles 27:23 But David took not the number of them from twenty years old and under...

Nehemiah 9:23 Their children also multiplied you as the stars of heaven, and brought them into the land...

ye are this day
This was the promise made by God to Abraham

Genesis 15:5,6 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if you be able to number them...

which Moses considers now as amply fulfilled. Many suppose the expression to be hyperbolical; and others, no friends to revelation, think it a vain, empty boast, because the stars, in their apprehension,, amount to innumerable millions. But, as this refers to the number of stars that appear to the naked eye, which only amount to about

3010 in both hemispheres, the number of the Israelites far exceeded this; for independently of women and children, at the last census, they amounted to more than

600,000.00

Cross References
Genesis 15:5
And he brought him outside and said, "Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them." Then he said to him, "So shall your offspring be."

Genesis 22:17
I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall possess the gate of his enemies,

Exodus 32:13
Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, your servants, to whom you swore by your own self, and said to them, 'I will multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have promised I will give to your offspring, and they shall inherit it forever.'"

Numbers 10:36
And when it rested, he said, "Return, O LORD, to the ten thousand thousands of Israel."

Deuteronomy 1:11
May the LORD, the God of your fathers, make you a thousand times as many as you are and bless you, as he has promised you!

Deuteronomy 7:7
It was not because you were more in number than any other people that the LORD set his love on you and chose you, for you were the fewest of all peoples,

Deuteronomy 10:22
Your fathers went down to Egypt seventy persons, and now the LORD your God has made you as numerous as the stars of heaven.

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